MN90: Minnesota's Civil War Mettle

MN90 producer Marisa Helms describes the creation of the First Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment in 1861 and highlights its actions at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. Includes an interview with Matthew Cassady of Historic Fort Snelling.

MN90: Minnesota's Most Able Attorney

To say that Frederick McGhee had a remarkable life would be an understatement. Born into slavery, he became the first African American attorney to practice in MN. He was among the founders of the NAACP. He argued against separate but equal laws in 1910, nearly forty years before Plessy vs. Ferguson. MN90 producer Allison Herrera tells us about his legacy.

MN90: Minnesota's Most Controversial Piece of Land

The one million acres of land and water bordering Minnesota and Canada called the Boundary Waters Canoe Area, or BWCA, began to be set aside for preservation purposes in 1902. MN90 producer Marisa Helms recounts some of its history.

MN90: Opening the Era of Open Heart Surgery

For most of history, the human heart was off limits to medicine. The first closed heart surgery began in the 1940’s. In the 1950’s, a pair of physicians who worked in mobile surgical units of World War II discovered that open heart surgery could be an option.

MN90: Send it by Sled Dog

In the 1850s, mail service on Minnesota's North Shore was notoriously unreliable. That is, until John Beargrease and his team of sled dogs began running mail between Two Harbors and Grand Marais. MN90 Producer Andi McDaniel learns about the man who inspired the annual John Beargrease Sled Dog Marathon.

MN90: Sister Kenny's Polio Solution

In the 1930s and 1940s, when polio was rampant in the United States, the predominant treatment method was to immobilize the patient's body in braces and splints. But Sister Elizabeth Kenny, an Australian nurse who resettled in Minnesota in 1940, believed in a controversial alternative method. MN90 Producer Andi McDaniel describes how Kenny revolutionized polio care. Includes an interview with Kate Roberts, author of Minnesota 150, published by the Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2007.

MN90: St. Paul's Golden Horses

With its prominent placement at the top of Wabasha Hill in St. Paul, the Minnesota State Capitol building is hard not to notice. The statue of four golden horses on top makes it particularly distinctive. MN90 Producer Andi McDaniel learns the story behind the architecture of one of our state's most famous buildings. Includes an interview with Brian Pease of the Minnesota State Capitol.

MN90: The Bridges of Hennepin County

There are more bridges across the Mississippi in the City of Minneapolis than anywhere else along the river. MN90 Producer Andi McDaniel speaks with David Stevens of Mill City Museum to find out why.

MN90: The Citizens League

What makes Minnesota unique? The lakes, the weather...and the Minnesota Citizen's League. For over 60 years, the Minnesota Citizens League has helped tackle some of the toughest problems in the state. MN90 producer Allison Herrera tells us more about this influential organization.

MN90: The controversial life and death of Chief Hole in the Day the Younger

Ojibwe Chief Hole in the Day the Younger (1827-1868) signed almost every land cession treaty between the Minnesota Ojibwe and the U.S. government. MN90 producer Marisa Helms reports that while the Chief was a controversial figure, he was also a very smart and effective negotiator. Still, the Chief had many enemies. On June 27, 1868, as he was traveling to Washington, D.C. to fight the removal of his people to a reservation at White Earth. Hole in the Day was assassinated by Ojibwe men from Leech Lake just a few miles from his home in Crow Wing.

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