Watercolor on paper of the office of the St. Paul Pioneer and Democrat newspaper as the building appeared in 1858.

Office of the St. Paul Pioneer and Democrat

Watercolor on paper of the office of the St. Paul Pioneer and Democrat newspaper as the building appeared in 1858.

Officers of the First Minnesota Volunteers

Officers of the First Minnesota Volunteers

Officers of the First Minnesota Volunteers standing in front of the commandant's house at Fort Snelling, May, 1861.

Officers of the First Minnesota Volunteers at Camp Stone

Officers of the First Minnesota Volunteers at Camp Stone

Captain Mark Downie (seated) and officers of Compnay B, First Minnesota Volunteers at Camp Stone near Edwards Ferry, Virginia, March 16, 1862. Photograph by Matthew B. Brady.

Ogden Gunderson reading The Farmer.

Ogden Gunderson reading The Farmer.

Ogden Gunderson reading The Farmer, c.1922.

Ojibwa loom-woven beadwork and wool belt

Ojibwa loom-woven beadwork and wool belt

Loom-woven beadwork belt, reportedly owned by Hole-in-the-Day.

Ojibwe appliqued and beaded wool sash

Ojibwe appliqued and beaded wool sash

Red wool sash appliqued with flower pattern, reportedly owned by Hole-in-the-Day.

Black and white photograph of Ojibwe at Grand Portage Reservation, 1885.

Ojibwe at Grand Portage Reservation

Ojibwe at Grand Portage Reservation, 1885.

Black-and-white photograph of an Ojibwe birch bark canoe and two paddlers c.1910.

Ojibwe birch bark canoe and paddlers

Black-and-white photograph of an Ojibwe birch bark canoe and two paddlers, c.1910.

Ojibwe Indians standing by bull rush wigwam

Ojibwe Indians standing by bull rush wigwam

Ojibwe people standing by a bull rush wigwam, c.1910.

Ojibwe men, possibly at 1857 or 1862 treaty signing

Ojibwe men, possibly at 1857 or 1862 treaty signing

Ojibwe men, possibly at 1857 or 1862 treaty signing in Washington, DC. Photographer: Matthew B. Brady. To make way for the farm, the land first needed to be alienated from native peoples. Treaty negotiations started this process.

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