Officers of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918. (L to R) Lt. Homer Goins, Capt. Clarence Wigington, Lt. Patrick H. Southall, unidentified, Major Jose H. Sherwood, unidentified, unidentified, Capt. Orrington C. Hall.
Ojibwe men, possibly at 1857 or 1862 treaty signing in Washington, DC. Photographer: Matthew B. Brady. To make way for the farm, the land first needed to be alienated from native peoples. Treaty negotiations started this process.
Ojibwe moccasin game drum, 1850-1900. When Anglo-Europeans arrived in the Great Lakes region, they found native people organized into seasonal villages with communal activities, including games and dances.