Ojibwe men, possibly at 1857 or 1862 treaty signing in Washington, DC. Photographer: Matthew B. Brady. To make way for the farm, the land first needed to be alienated from native peoples. Treaty negotiations started this process.
Ojibwe moccasin game drum, 1850-1900. When Anglo-Europeans arrived in the Great Lakes region, they found native people organized into seasonal villages with communal activities, including games and dances.