MNopedia’s editorial policy supports the project’s mission: to share current, reliable, and relevant information about significant people, places, events, and things in Minnesota history.
To accomplish this mission, we:
Published articles must:
MNopedia does not publish editorials, book reviews, memoirs, or historical fiction. Its articles are written in the standard encyclopedia style. Writers may summarize the scholarly consensus about a subject, but they must refrain from proposing new or unique theories. Because articles are intended to inform rather than to persuade, writers do not make arguments or attempt to prove theses.
Promotional language that praises, advertises, or advocates for an article’s subject is unacceptable (see Section 4, Conflicts of Interest). Since it is the goal of MNopedia to provide information that is as objective and neutral as possible, articles containing criticism of or attacks against individuals and organizations are also unacceptable.
MNopedia accepts submissions of previously published content, including journal articles, book excerpts, magazine pieces, and blog posts. Staff work with writers to revise drafts and collect images to suit MNopedia’s needs.
3.1 Writer Contact
The Program Manager identifies potential writers and solicits their contributions to the encyclopedia. She reviews with them the MNopedia article template and writers’ guidelines to make sure that they are aware of the full range of required deliverables—particularly digital images, a chronology, a turning point, a bibliography, and a list of related resources.
Unsolicited submissions are also accepted. The Program Manager reviews writers’ qualifications and assesses the appropriateness of proposed article topics. She declines submissions by writers who are not qualified and entries on topics that fall outside the encyclopedia’s scope.
3.2 Article Submission
The Program Manager receives first drafts of articles from writers and forwards them to the Associate Editor. It is the responsibility of each writer to deliver a properly formatted electronic version of the article and to follow both the MNopedia article template and writers’ guidelines.
3.3 Transfer of Copyright/Licensing Agreement
Writers retain all rights, including copyright, in their articles, but are expected to share their written content with MNopedia via a sub-license (Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported). Writers who wish to formalize this transfer may complete a grant of license form. Writers who do not wish to sub-license their content may opt out of the transfer without withdrawing their articles.
After receiving first drafts of articles, the Associate Editor assumes responsibility for communicating with writers and guiding them through the revision process. Broad content edits (e.g., requests for significant additional research and writing, refocusing of an article’s topic, shifting of a paragraph sequence) will be proposed during the first round(s) of revisions. Copyedits (e.g., changes to grammar, style, and punctuation) will be introduced in subsequent drafts. When a first draft requires few total changes, broad content edits and copyedits are handled in the same revision.
Final drafts are forwarded by the Associate Editor to the Editorial Assistant for fact checking. Articles that fail to meet MNopedia’s standards may be removed from consideration for publication during any stage of the editorial process, including final-draft editing and fact checking.
3.5 Peer Review (for B-level articles only)
B-level articles must pass through a peer review process before publication. The Program Manager selects two reviewers with expertise in the article’s subject area, solicits their advice, and passes that advice on to the article’s writer. Reviewers are expected to keep all submitted article drafts in confidence.
3.6 Fact Checking
The Editorial Assistant verifies that all dates cited within an article are correct and consistent (especially between the body text and chronology) and that all names are spelled and written correctly. He verifies that all citations are correct in both their content and their format and completes any research necessary to confirm that the text is factually correct.
Articles are published within a reasonable period of time after they have been fact checked and finalized. Completion of the editorial process does not guarantee an article’s publication. The Program Manager reserves the right to cancel the publication of finalized articles.
MNopedia staff maintain regular communication with writers throughout the editorial process, up to and including the publication stage. If communication with a writer lapses, MNopedia staff exercise due diligence in restoring contact. When a writer fails to respond to repeated contact attempts for more than six months, MNopedia staff reserve the right to finalize and publish his or her article without additional consultation if it is close to completing the editorial process, and to assign the topic to a new writer if it is not.
3.8 Updates, Revisions, and Corrections
When facts related to an article’s subject change (e.g., a building is torn down), MNopedia staff will update the article accordingly and in a timely manner.
When alerted to the existence of factual errors in published articles, MNopedia staff will correct the errors in a timely manner.
MNopedia staff reserve the right to make revisions in articles that have already been published in order to maintain their quality. Examples include edits to citations to meet revised style guidelines; changes to satisfy evolving content standards, within both the encyclopedia and the Minnesota Historical Society (MNHS); and added information on newly available resources related to an article’s topic. MNopedia staff will attempt to communicate with writers on revisions that are substantive in nature.
A MNopedia article stands as the exclusive treatment of its subject within the encyclopedia for ten years following its publication. Writers who wish to revise the published articles of others, or to submit new treatments of subjects already covered by published articles, must wait until this period has elapsed.
3.9 Image Removal
Writers and MNopedia staff will exercise due diligence in securing the rights to display images, or in proving their entry into the public domain, prior to publication. MNopedia staff will, however, remove images from the encyclopedia if an image’s lawful copyright holder demonstrates that rights were not properly obtained.
Articles will be retracted (i.e., removed from MNopedia) only when their content has been proved to have been fabricated or plagiarized, to be harmful or defamatory, or to infringe on someone’s legal rights. In these extremely rare cases, the Program Manager will notify the writer and remove the article.
While MNopedia recognizes that all historical writing is, to a greater or lesser extent, influenced by the subjectivity of its writer, it remains committed to the equal and objective consideration of multiple perspectives on the people, places, things, and events it documents.
Writers must declare conflicts of interest upon asking to write or being assigned article topics. MNopedia defines a conflict of interest as anything that would prevent, influence, or dissuade a writer from telling the complete, objective story of a historical subject. In general, writers should not use articles as vehicles for financial gain (received directly or through an employer) or for promoting their work outside of the encyclopedia. Article–writer assignments determined to create conflicts of interest will be cancelled.