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Johnson, John Albert (1861–1909)

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Governor John A. Johnson

Governor John A. Johnson, c.1909.

John Albert Johnson was Minnesota's first governor born in the state, its first governor to serve a full term in the current State Capitol, and its first governor to die in office, making him one of the state's most notable leaders. He also was the first Minnesota governor to bask, albeit fleetingly, in the national spotlight when he sought the 1908 Democratic presidential nomination but lost to William Jennings Bryan.

John Albert Johnson was born on July 28, 1861, in St. Peter. He was the eldest child of an impoverished Swedish family abandoned by an alcoholic father, and he left school at age thirteen to support his mother and siblings by clerking in a store. In 1887, local Democrats, impressed with the enterprising young clerk, asked him to join their party and edit the strongly Democratic St. Peter Herald. Johnson's success as a journalist attracted statewide attention and fostered his political aspirations.

Johnson married local schoolteacher Elinore (Nora) Preston on June 1, 1894. Around the same time, he began running for state office from his heavily Republican home county. After early losses, he finally was elected to the state senate in 1898, thanks to his growing bipartisan appeal.

Known as a courageous and charismatic leader, Johnson was elected the sixteenth governor of Minnesota in 1904. He was reelected in 1906 and 1908, serving as governor from January 4, 1905, to September 21, 1909.

Johnson's ability to work with legislators from both parties resulted in reform legislation such as reorganization of the state's insurance department to the benefit of policyholders, reduction of railroad passenger and freight rates, and removal of constitutional restraints on the legislature's power to tax.

Johnson began his third term as governor with reservations. His health was precarious, and he wanted to pursue a promising sideline career as a public speaker. When he died suddenly on September 21, 1909, at age forty-eight in Rochester following surgery, the state's citizens were grief-stricken. His lieutenant governor and successor, A.O. Eberhart, formed a John A. Johnson Memorial Commission in October 1909. The group commissioned and erected memorial statues of Johnson at the State Capitol and in his hometown of St. Peter.

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Governor John A. Johnson
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Governor John A. Johnson with two unidentified men
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Turning Point

In 1904, John Albert Johnson is elected to his first term as governor of Minnesota and starts on a path to national political recognition.

Chronology

1861

John Albert Johnson is born on July 28 in St. Peter, Minnesota.

1887

In February, local Democrats ask Johnson to edit the strongly Democratic St. Peter Herald.

1894

Johnson marries local schoolteacher Elinore (Nora) Preston on June 1.

1898

He is elected to the state senate, thanks to his growing bipartisan appeal.

1904

Johnson is elected to his first of three terms as governor of Minnesota.

1909

Johnson dies suddenly on September 21 at age forty-eight in Rochester following surgery.









  

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Earlier Japanese officials said the security situation in view of Japan's "fundamental changes" Abe Cabinet plans to July 1 release reinterpretation of the Japanese Constitution, would allow the country's Self-Defense Forces to help allies under attack. Prior to this, the Japanese government said that the post-war constitution prohibits Japan from the United States to develop the use of force, except for a few cases of self-defense.

Broad interpretation of this provision will allow owned collective self-defense, is likely to increase in Japan's alliance with the United States assumed the military burden.

According to Japan's Kyodo News reported that Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Komeito parties held on the 1st morning of the legal system of security consultations on amending the constitution to explain the decision to ban collective self-defense in case the Cabinet agreed. After ruling on the joint text of the Cabinet resolution formal agreement, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will be convened in the afternoon National Security Council, decided to exercise collective self-defense of the Cabinet resolutions. Then will preside over the temporary cabinet meeting decided to exercise collective self-defense.

"Wall Street Journal" to see the draft Cabinet statement said, according to the new interpretation, when closely associated with Japan's national under attack, the Japanese Self-Defense Forces have the right to use military force. Abe and his aides said it will be shot down by the Japanese for the Japanese not directly pave the way for the country's ballistic missile, for example, North American military bases to Guam launched missiles.

The draft statement said, further improving the effectiveness of the US-Japan security arrangements, and strengthen the alliance's deterrent power is critical to avoid armed conflicts and threats against Japan.

American officials, including President Barack Obama endorsed the policy adjustments, including Japan. Japanese defense researcher Strategic Research Forum said Washington believes it is only a matter of time, in the United States defense budget contraction, the United States military struggled to maintain an appropriate influence in the occasion of the Asia-Pacific region, Japan's increasingly tough stance, military power has grown exponentially .

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In the 2006-2007 period for the first time as Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe has tried to expand Japan's military influence. At the time, his efforts to promote the constitutional amendment was strongly opposed to the liberal and sparked public mistrust Abe stepped down after a year in power. When returned to power in December 2012, Abe proposed to create more convenient conditions for the constitutional amendment, but the proposal failed to gather momentum.

Reported that Japan's pacifist constitution entered into force since 1947 has never altered, to change it almost impossible task. Abe changed the strategy, claiming that if the Constitution could be reinterpreted ban collective self-defense. This lead to its coalition partner New Komeito Party, criticized the latter to re-interpret the Constitution premature to say, it is not necessary. But recently, the New Komeito Party leaders abandoned the original position, indicating that they are willing and Abe are located along the LDP support the plan.

LDP officials said the actual mobilization of collective self-defense under the name of the military still needs Parliament passed new legislation. Since the ruling coalition in parliament have occupied Japan majority, and Japan will go to the 2016 national elections, so the ruling coalition in fact almost unfettered.

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Temple University's Tokyo campus in Kingston, head of Asian Studies, said Abe when making such a major reform to bypass the public, which makes a mockery of the Japanese Constitution and the democratic system; voters elected him to power not because of his consciousness shape the agenda, but his commitment to the economic recovery; once Japan's economy cooled down, people's patience may be exhausted.

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MH17 aircraft after the crash, the White House on the 18th, said evidence shows that the pro-Russian airliner in the region, "separatists" was shot down by anti-aircraft missiles controlled, but speculated that the motive was behind the "too early." Two days after the Secretary of State Warren publicly declared that a lot of evidence to suggest that Russia's participation in the airliner was shot down by a missile over the events in Ukraine, Russia provides advanced SA-11 type ("Beech") missile systems to civil militants and train them how to use it kinds of missiles. Ukrainian side is released after the crash occurred pro-Russian armed transported to Russia, "beech" missile facility image.

For the United States and Ukraine, "accused", Russia had a "map with the truth," the rebuttal. Russian Defense Ministry announced on the 21st difficult horse aviation satellite monitoring information to show the day of the crash, near the Ukrainian army in Donetsk multiple "beech -M1" air defense missile battalion in combat duty status, Malaysia Airlines passenger plane in the range of range . Russian Defense Ministry also said they had never <a href=http://www.terzocircolomassafra.it/>hogan italia</a> provided "beech" air defense missile facilities or any other weapons to armed black folk, relevant civil armed Ukraine announced delivery of images <a href=http://www.isaingegneria.it/>hogan outlet</a> to the Russian system "beech" missile facilities forgery. Putin require the parties to exercise restraint to make any hasty conclusions, do not leave a politicized statements. (End)

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Reported that Abe visited the Yasukuni Shrine in late 2013, led to the extreme deterioration of bilateral relations. March 2014, under the coordination of the United States, the United States and South Korea summit talks can be achieved, improving relations with Japan and South Korea are also continuing to explore. The talks, to agree on the issue of high-level communication between the two sides outside the promotion of long-headed, but the summit for the second time since Abe regime has also failed to achieve, the two sides did not propose specific solutions. (Reporter Off Super)

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Ukraine affected by the crisis, the end of July the United States announced a new round of economic sanctions against Russia, which involves a number of important economic sectors of the Russian finance, energy, defense and so on. Russia has said it will not affect Western sanctions on Russian arms sales of billions of dollars.

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Russia rejects "aid as an excuse to <a href=http://www.dora-vda.it/>woolrich prezzi</a> invade Ukraine" allegations

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America Proposed UAV into Syria and Syria together the White House insisted unintentional

"Extremist organization" Islamic State of Iraq and the Shamrock '(ISIS) to attack the United States is imminent thing. "Rogers, chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, issued a warning. ISIS claims that Syria had occupied the eastern third of the land and a quarter of the territory of Iraq. The Pentagon confirmed that 25 evening, the United States will send reconnaissance aircraft entered Syrian airspace without the Syrian government approval or authorization, in order to prepare for the raid ISIS goal. White House spokesman on the 26th in the morning, "said the government has no plans to cooperate with Bashar hit ISIS". But let the Obama administration is very embarrassing, because it will change the Syrian civil war broke out three years ago the United States has been reluctant involved in the situation, and even change the geopolitics in the Middle East.

According to the United States, "Wall Street Journal" reported that Pentagon officials said the American Central Command request to send more reconnaissance aircraft, including unmanned aerial vehicles, including the airspace into Syria to gather intelligence on extremist Islamic militants target for military may expand beyond Iraq limited air combat area ready. American officials also said the eastern part of the Syrian air defense system will not pose a threat because of the air defense system of the sensing device configured sparse or unavailable. UAV will enter Syrian airspace without the Syrian government approval or authorization. However, Syrian Foreign Minister on the 25th warned that any Syrian territory without permission to enter the fight against extremist groups, will be treated as invasion.

"The United States is not the first to enter the Syrian territory without permission." U.S. "New York Times" said. In fact, in July this year, an unsuccessful hostage rescue, the United States special forces had done so. But this time there is air support aircraft rescue raid ended in failure, because these are controlled by the Americans had been transferred.

The most embarrassing than the United States, has threatened to overthrow the government of Bashar Does the U.S. government to cooperate with the Syrian army? United States, "New York Times" quoted the deputy assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Rhodes as saying Syria raid territory ISIS "NA" enemy of my enemy is my friend "logic" that "if the cooperation with the authorities in Damascus, Syria, and Iraq will offend Sunni. " White House spokesman also acknowledged that military action in Syria territory involved too, and easy to hurt the American hostages, the United States wants to avoid as much as possible. Closely with the White House think tank "Center for American Progress' Brian Head 鈥?Katulisi said the Obama administration does not want to give any signal on the Damascus authorities favorable, or want to build, including Jordan, Turkey and Saudi alliance and strengthen." Free Syrian Army "strength. But many analysts say, "Free Syrian Army" strength weak, and even harder to protect themselves. U.S. national security analyst Peter <a href=http://www.cittalessandrina.it/>peuterey</a> Bergen 鈥?said it would be difficult to do so does not put ground troops. Bergen said that if air strikes ISIS, it may help the Lebanese Hezbollah or Damascus authorities, leading to strange geopolitical results.

Lebanese "Daily Star" comments that expand the scope of the fight against Iran is a factor to be reckoned with. "Islamic State" and other Sunni extremist groups get support, and expanding its threat to Iran's Shiite-led force, and therefore how to handle the delicate relationship with Iran, the fight against extremism, the United States is a challenge. British "Guardian" said, with Syria, Iraq, Turkey has <a href=http://www.dora-vda.it/>woolrich prezzi</a> a long border, consistent anti-Assad forces open borders, <a href=http://www.dora-vda.it/>woolrich sito ufficiale</a> ISIS staff can freely access.

"Obama is clearly not made up of military intervention in the determination." 鈥?Republican Senator Lindsey Graham said on the 25th, but the White House would like to prove that it did <a href=http://www.hotelgalaxy.it/>Piumini Moncler</a> not do nothing in the face of major strategic threat. According to the U.S. "Time" magazine reported that the White House spokesman, said on the 25th, even though a large number of Westerners to join ISIS, but the United States has not found any evidence to suggest that these people would attack the United States. Currently, there are 12,000 Syrian foreign militants from at least 50 countries.

According to ABC 26 reported, ISIS has raised $ 6.6 million ransom to release a 26-year-old American woman of quality. Reuters and Ipsos co findings on the 26th showed that 62 percent of Americans think the government should not pay ransom to terrorists in exchange for hostages. Most respondents believe that the United States should intervene in some way in Iraq, but the vast majority of respondents were opposed to the United States to send troops to set foot on the land <a href=http://www.isaingegneria.it/>scarpe hogan</a> of Iraq, the Iraqi government aid. Syrian Intelligence - Director Damascus Center for Strategic Studies, "Global Times" reporter, said the possibility of a small American ground troops. Even the cross-border fight against "Islamic State" and other extremist groups, and the effect is limited. He believes that "Islamic State" <a href=http://www.cittalessandrina.it/>peuterey outlet</a> has been able to grow in power, is dependent on personnel and material aid Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey and <a href=http://www.brunochiarini.it/>Piumini Moncler</a> other countries. Therefore, the fundamental solution lies in cutting external assistance and supplies. (Reporter Liu Rui Huan Xiang Tao short Housing)

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"Anti-European style" analysis of European integration challenges facing the European Union, said the reform

"Anti-European Wind" a challenge for the European integration process, the EU vigorously reform only lead people committed to building a competitive, secure and trusted in Europe, in order to withstand the test

European integration process is facing major challenges, populist parties in the recent European Parliament elections made in the "feast" description "anti-European party" rising momentum can not be underestimated.

These parties advocate different, but are opposed to European integration, anti-immigration, questioning the economic globalization, support trade protectionism, respected national interests first. These parties had long been marginalized, but by inciting resentment against the existing EU policy to get votes, and to enter the European Parliament.

When this situation can be considered accidental. The face of economic recession, the EU is not based on national circumstances remedy, but a unified open a "tightening" prescription. Repeatedly tightening economic measures led to high <a href=http://www.terzocircolomassafra.it/>hogan milano</a> unemployment. Frustration spread rapidly in Europe. People are afraid of losing more worried about the growing number of immigrants so that "real" European harder to keep their jobs, worried about the next generation of the situation will become more difficult.

Low voter turnout also contributed to the rise of anti-European party. EU 28 member states have more than 400 million voters, but the proportion of the electorate to participate in the elections was only 43.09 percent, and in 2009 43% of the historically low turnout was essentially flat. Continued low turnout showed that: in the heart of Europeans, the EU is far from their own.

Of course, the "anti-European party" in a short time is not enough to shake the traditional pattern of the European Parliament. 751 seats in the <a href=http://www.gditrani.it/>moncler outlet</a> European Parliament, in favor of European integration, the majority party still able to dominate decision-making of the European Parliament. However, a substantial increase in "anti-European party" seats <a href=http://www.brunochiarini.it/>Piumini Moncler</a> in parliament will certainly bring more noise and noise, the direction is bound to interfere with decision-making and efficiency, and will use a large platform of the European Parliament peddle extreme proposition. If the EU does not learn a lesson, timely adjustment of the existing policy direction, in the "anti-European political parties," the incitement, the EU's solidarity may gradually weaken.

For a long time, the EU high above, there is no patience to listen to public opinion, <a href=http://www.gditrani.it/>moncler outlet</a> let 'anti-European party "to draw on the EU deeply disappointed voters. Now finally sounded the alarm, to the need to change the time. The next five years, the EU needs strong reform in three areas: between the EU and member governments were the distribution of power between labor shortages and people xenophobia coordination and deeper integration into the global economy and trade protectionism between looking balance.

More importantly, the EU must work from the center moved to implement austerity policies to expand employment and promote economic growth. The EU only serve to lead people committed to building a competitive, secure and trusted in Europe, vociferous "anti-European style" in order to be curbed. If you <a href=http://www.gditrani.it/>piumini moncler outlet</a> still lack of action, and not let <a href=http://www.leterrazzetralezagare.it/>Piumini Moncler</a> people see hope of improvement, <a href=http://www.terzocircolomassafra.it/>hogan donna</a> I'm afraid, "anti-European Wind" will grab more violent. (The author is a European think tank "Friends of Europe" policy research director Shada Islam)

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