The city of Waconia, in Carver County, Minnesota, has a long and rich history. Located just thirty miles southwest of the Twin Cities on the north shore of Lake Waconia, it has long been a tourist destination.
Dakota bands lived in the area near the lake for a long time. They called the lake Meday Wa Ko Ni Ya. This meant "lake of the fountain" or "lake of the spring". Contemporary Dakota translate it as "out of the water comes life". Early white settlers adopted this name for the lake and the town. Over time, it evolved into "Waconia".
Euro-American settlers moved into the Waconia area starting in the early 1850s, after the Treaty of Mendota required the Dakota to move westward. A Minneapolis surveyor officially surveyed and platted the town site in March 1857. Ludwig Sudheimer and Michael Scheidnagel were the first to build homes in this new town. Later that year, large groups of German immigrants began settling the area. Later immigrants also included Bohemians, Swedes, and the Swiss. By 1858, most of the land along the lake's edge had residents.
St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church was the first church built in Waconia. The congregation started in 1857 under Reverend Father Bruno Riss. First meeting in private homes, a frame structure was built for church services for $600.00 in 1858. Another building was building was built for the growing congregation in 1875, and that church was replaced by a Chaska brick structure in 1900.
Early businesses established in the 1860s to the 1940s included the Waconia Sorghum Mill, Waconia Steam Saw and Flouring Mill (one of many saw and gristmills), and the Waconia Brewery. The town also had a busy ice harvesting industry. Ice harvesting lasted until the late 1930s, when refrigeration replaced the need for ice. Ice was harvested by cutting blocks of ice out of the lake when it froze over, and packing them in sawdust to keep them from melting as quickly. It was then stored in local ice-houses or shipped to cities.
Although Waconia's growth was negatively affected by the Grasshopper Plagues of 1873–1877, by 1880, Waconia was large enough to be incorporated as a village. With better railroad access, the town became a popular summer destination in 1884, with the development of the large island in the center of the lake into Coney Island of the West. Town residents had long used the island, once called Paradise Island, for summer recreation. New owners turned it into a resort. The island housed a hotel and dozens of public or privately owned cabins.
There were many hotels in the town limits as well. Tourists spent days, weeks, or the whole summer in Waconia. The town and island resort became the "Paradise of the Northwest" with visitors from around the country. On December 31, 1886, the new Hutchinson Branch of the Great Northern Railroad opened. It ran just north of Lake Waconia. This branch was the longest stretch of completely straight rail track in the world. It brought even more people to the lake.
Waconia continued to grow and expand into the twentieth century. The 1904 Waconia Cyclone damaged the town, but residents rebuilt. By 1921, the town had grown enough to be incorporated as a city. The first sanitary sewer system was installed in 1924.
Minnesota's Attorney General Benson filed one of the first environmental lawsuits in Minnesota and America in 1932. The suit accused Waconia Creamery of polluting the lake. The suit ended with both the Creamery and City promising better sewage treatment. A 1986 survey of Lake Waconia showed pollution levels lower than in the early 1900s.
In the early twenty-first century, Waconia has continued to grow. A population boom from 6,814 as measured in the 2000 census to 10,697 in the 2010 census made Waconia one of the three largest cities in Carver County. Waconia maintains many businesses and tourist attractions. Among them are the Carver County Historical Society, Ridgeview Hospital, Independent School District #110, Safari Island Community Center, an industrial park, Island View Golf Club, three wineries, and the Historic Andrew Peterson Farmstead.
Carver County Historical Society. Our Communities: A Walk Back Through Time-Waconia.
City of Waconia. Explore Our City- History of Waconia.
Waconia Heritage Association. Waconia, Paradise of the Northwest: The Lake and Its Island. Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company, 1986.