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Fournier House

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Color image of the Fournier House, 2008.

The Fournier House, 2008. Photograph by Wikimedia Commons user Elkman.

The Fournier House was designed by architect Lawrence A. Fournier and built in 1910. The house blends early Prairie School-style elements with a more dominant Arts and Crafts style. It is also one of the first homes built in North Minneapolis.

In 1908 Lawrence Fournier and his wife Mary purchased a lot in what is now the Cleveland neighborhood in North Minneapolis. The Fourniers' selection of a North Minneapolis lot reveals the increasing appeal of this area of the city to new residents. Minneapolis real estate developers had begun to promote the area's bucolic setting and its easy access to new street car lines.

As the automobile became more popular and dependable after World War I, development increased at an even more rapid rate. The Cleveland neighborhood was unusually slow to develop, however, and the Fournier House was set in a rural atmosphere until a post-World War II building boom filled in many of the neighborhood's remaining lots.

Fournier was an architect at the famous firm of Purcell and Elmslie. It became the second-most-commissioned firm of the Prairie School, after Frank Lloyd Wright. However, Fournier’s work on the home two years prior to joining the firm shows the influence he had on Purcell and Elmslie. Steeped in knowledge of architectural styles, Fournier created a unique concept for the home. Mary Fournier was an artist and also influenced its design. The house the couple built exemplified the common ground between the Craftsman and Prairie Schools.

For most of the exterior detailing, Fournier selected the Craftsman style, with its broad, sloping roof pierced by shed dormers. He also created wide, unenclosed eaves, exposed roof rafter tails, and exposed roof beams supported by knee braces. With a Craftsman sense of economy, he eliminated the vestibule. Instead, a sheltered partial-width front porch was built. Fournier used the Craftsman device of an elevated dining room window grouping with space under the windows for closets.

Prairie School traits appear within the Craftsman context, creating a mingling of the two styles. For example, a formal Prairie pedestal urn is given an informal Craftsman covering of rustic field stones. A Prairie-style band rides the perimeter of the foundation but fails to create much of a horizontal accent on a compact bungalow form. A more successful stylistic blend is found in a Craftsman window box given a Prairie flair as it wraps around a comer-set casement window group.

In his choice of materials, Fournier demonstrated concern for a smooth transition between the house and its setting. This concern for landscape was shared by both Prairie and Craftsman designers. The strong field stone foundation and rough cast stucco are more in keeping with the Craftsman School. However, Fournier included sidewalks of smooth, rose-colored concrete—a trait of the Prairie School.

While at Purcell and Elmslie, Fournier served as the firm's expert in the latest domestic engineering gadgetry of the period. He used this knowledge in his own home, designing a central vacuuming unit, laundry chute, galley kitchen, and rain water filtration system.

The number of Prairie details in the Fournier house reflects the growing prominence of the Prairie School in 1910. Many of the Prairie elements Fournier experimented with in designing his own home appear with increasing frequency in the subsequent work of Purcell and Elmslie.

Lawrence and Mary Fournier lived in the house until 1917, when Lawrence was transferred to Purcell and Elmslie's Chicago office. From 1917 to 1961 the house remained within a single family. Since 1961, there have been several owners. In 1995 the Fournier House was added to the National Register of Historic Places for its expression of high-style house architecture.

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© Minnesota Historical Society
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Mary and Lawrence A. Fournier House. National Register of Historic Places nomination file, reference number 95000618.
http://www.mnhs.org/preserve/nrhp/nomination/95000618.pdf
Editor’s note: This nomination file was the main source used in the writing of this article.

Millet, Larry. AIA Guide to the Twin Cities: The Essential Source on the Architecture of Minneapolis and St. Paul. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 2007.

Related Images

Color image of the Fournier House, 2008.
Color image of the Fournier House, 2008.
Color image of the Fournier House, c.1995.
Color image of the Fournier House, c.1995.

Turning Point

In 1910, architect Lawrence Fournier designs a home in sparsely populated North Minneapolis. The result is a unique house that blends the Craftsman and Prairie schools of architecture.

Chronology

1910

The Fournier House is constructed.

1995

The Fournier House is added to the National Register of Historic Places.