The Czechs who came to Roseau County beginning in the 1890s were some of the first European Americans to homestead on land in northwest Minnesota. Czech fraternal lodges were created in America by immigrants to promote their welfare, maintain cultural traditions, and satisfy social needs. Lodge Boleslav Jablonsky was one such lodge.
Although Czechs are not one of Minnesota's larger ethnic groups, they were ranked seventh in 1910 with a population of 33,247. Nationwide and also in Minnesota, first- and second-generation Czechs pursued agricultural trades more than any other occupation in 1900. Czechs mainly lived in Le Sueur, Scott, and Rice counties. There were smaller pockets of Czechs elsewhere in the state, however, including Poplar Township of Roseau County.
In contrast to the United States as a whole, in Minnesota most Czechs in rural areas were Catholic. However, a large number of institutions were created by freethinking Czech Americans. The free-thought movement had its origins in Protestantism but could be best described as agnostic. These institutions promoted free-thought philosophy and maintained Czech language and culture. They also created social venues, benevolent societies, and cemeteries. Politically they supported the cause of Czech independence. The fraternal societies of which the Jablonsky lodge is an example were created to serve the needs of Czech immigrants that were normally met by churches.
The Jablonsky lodge was organized in 1914 to obtain life insurance at a reasonable cost and provide a gathering place where Czechs could speak their own language. The lodge was named for Boleslav Jablonsky, a priest, poet, and Czech nationalist. Until the lodge hall was built in 1916, meetings were held in members' homes. The hall is a wood-frame structure on a poured concrete foundation with no basement. It is comprised of three segments: an eight-foot square enclosed entrance porch on the south end, a three-bay hall, and a kitchen and stage at the north end.
The lodge was not militantly anti-clerical. A number of lodge members belonged to local churches, including St. Joseph's (Catholic), but that never caused a problem within the membership. The Czech fraternal societies provided benefits to Czechs on a local, national, and international scale. Aid was distributed to institutions in Chicago as well as Oklahoma, Kansas, and California. The lodge also provided support for Czechs in Europe during World War I and the crises of 1938–1939.
Lodge members sustained Czech language and culture by subscribing to a number of Czech-American publications. Plays in the Czech language were hosted at the lodge hall. Lodge meetings were conducted and recorded in Czech until 1960. Czech weddings and dances were also hosted by the lodge. Money for the lodge was earned through dues, concession sales, and facility rentals. The 1940s were the most prosperous decade for the lodge. Several improvements were made to the hall during that time.
The Czechs of Poplar Grove Township and their members elsewhere in Roseau County were never a large group of people. They did, however, show remarkable persistence. The lodge had thirty members in 1915 and about the same number in 1938. There were approximately ninety members between 1978 and 1995. The Badger lodge merged with Boleslav Jablonsky in 1996, bringing the total to 155 members.
Jablonsky Lodge hall has been in continuous use since 1916. Its main but not exclusive function in the twenty-first century has been to provide life insurance and related services. While there are about twenty Czech lodges in Minnesota, only two halls survive. The history of Jablonsky lodge provides insight into how one group sustained its identity and met its social, cultural, and recreational needs when no other suitable facilities were available in a remote area.
Lodge Boleslav Jablonsky No. 219, National Register of Historic Places Nomination File, State Historic Preservation Office, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul
Gardner, Denis P. Minnesota Treasures: Stories Behind the State's Historic Places. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2004.
In 1916, after existing for two years, Boleslav Jablonksy Lodge builds a meeting hall in Roseau County's Poplar Township.
Anton Homolka becomes the first documented Czech to arrive in Roseau County.
There are over thirty-three thousand Czechs living in Minnesota.
Lodge Boleslav Jablonsky is founded. Meetings are held in members' homes.
The lodge erects a formal meeting hall.
A stage and kitchen are completed within the hall.
An entrance porch and a ticket booth are added to the lodge building.
The Badger Lodge merges with Boleslav Jablonsky, bringing the member total to 155.
Membership in the lodge reaches its highest point in history.
Lodge Boleslav Jablonsky is added to the National Register of Historic Places.