This Day in Minnesota History

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Today's Date: September 23

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1805

Zebulon Pike meets with a group of Mdewakanton Dakota led by Ta Oyate Duta (His Red Nation, also called Little Crow, grandfather of the warrior of 1862) and Wanyanka Nazin (He Sees Standing Up). Pike leaves the meeting with what he sees as their permission to take 100,000 acres of their land. The agreement, however, is an informal one—not an official treaty—and is never proclaimed by a US president.

1857

In a homemade balloon, William Markoe lifts off from St. Paul and lands near Cannon Falls in Minnesota's first balloon ascension. A second flight on October 8, a feature of a territorial fair, reaches White Bear Lake.

1862

Soldiers under General Henry H. Sibley defeat Dakota warriors in the Battle of Wood Lake in Yellow Medicine County. Although this battle traditionally marks the end of the US‒Dakota War, Sibley and General Alfred Sully would undertake punitive expeditions against the Dakota the following year.

1897

The library of the Ramsey County Medical Society is established when Dr. Eduard Boeckmann donates the profits from his development of an improved method of preparing catgut for surgical use.