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African American Students at Gustavus Adolphus College,1963–1982

Founded by Swedish Americans in St. Peter in 1862, Gustavus Adolphus College attracted a mostly white student body for much of its history. In the 1960s, the college took steps to diversify its campus by recruiting and retaining African American students from the South. This effort made Gustavus unique among Midwestern liberal arts colleges.

Black and white photograph of Iaweshowewekesik (Crossing the Sky), 1863. Iaweshowewekesik was a leader of the Gull and Rabbit Lake Ojibwe.

Iaweshowewekesik (Crossing the Sky)

Iaweshowewekesik (Crossing the Sky), 1863. Iaweshowewekesik was a leader of the Gull and Rabbit Lake Ojibwe.

Newspaper portrait of Clarence Wigington from the St. Paul Appeal, September 18, 1915.

Clarence Wigington, newly arrived in St. Paul

Portrait of Clarence Wigington from the St. Paul Appeal, September 18, 1915.

Black and white photograph of Clarence Wigington, c.1940s.

Clarence Wigington

Clarence Wigington, c.1940s.

Wigington, Clarence (1883–1967)

Clarence Wigington, the nation’s first African American municipal architect, served as lead architect in over ninety St. Paul city projects. His legacy in brick and stone has lasted well into the twenty-first century. He designed both the enduring (schools, fire stations, park buildings) and the ephemeral (five Winter Carnival ice palaces).

Black and white photograph of men and officers of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918.

Men and officers of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard

Men and officers of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918. Officers (L to R) are Capt. Orrington C. Hall and Lt. Thaddeus Stepp.

Black and white photograph of officers of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918.

Officers of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard

Officers of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918. (L to R) Lt. Homer Goins, Capt. Clarence Wigington, Lt. Patrick H. Southall, unidentified, Major Jose H. Sherwood, unidentified, unidentified, Capt. Orrington C. Hall.

Black and white photograph of men of the Sixteenth Battalion of the Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918.

Men of the Sixteenth Battalion of the Minnesota Home Guard

Men of the Sixteenth Battalion of the Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918.

Black and white photograph of enlisted men of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918.

Enlisted men of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard

Enlisted men of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918.

Black and white photograph of Musicians of the Sixteenth Battalion Band, c.1918.

Sixteenth Battalion musicians

Musicians of the Sixteenth Battalion Band, c.1918.

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