Black and white scan of a flyer, with photo, advertising a Communist Party-sponsored event, 1946.

Lenin Memorial Meeting flyer

Flyer, with photo, advertising a Communist Party-sponsored event, 1946. Nellie Stone Johnson was the featured speaker at the 22nd Anniversary Lenin Memorial Meeting to raise money for striking union workers.

Nellie Stone Johnson (far right) with NAACP leaders, 1954.

Nellie Stone Johnson with NAACP leaders

Nellie Stone Johnson (far right) with NAACP leaders, including Anthony Cassius (far left); publisher Milton G. Williams (third from left); and Howard Bennett, later appointed Minnesota’s first black judge (second from right), 1954.

Johnson, Nellie Stone (1905–2002)

Nellie Stone Johnson was an African American union and civil rights leader whose career spanned the class-conscious politics of the 1930s and the liberal reforms of the Minnesota DFL Party. She believed unions and education were paths to economic security for African Americans, including women. Her self-reliant personality and pragmatic politics sustained her long and active life.

Black and white photograph of Frederick McKinley Jones and drafting team, c.1960.

Frederick McKinley Jones and drafting team

Frederick McKinley Jones and drafting team, c.1960. Image is from the Frederick M. Jones papers, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.

Black and white photograph of Frederick McKinley Jones standing next to a truck outfitted with a mobile refrigeration unit, c.1950.

Frederick McKinley Jones

Frederick McKinley Jones standing next to a truck outfitted with a mobile refrigeration unit, c.1950.

Black and white photograph of African American barber Prince Honeycutt in his Fergus Falls shop, c.1900.

Prince Honeycutt in his Fergus Falls shop

African American barber Prince Honeycutt in his Fergus Falls shop, c.1900.

Black and white photograph of J. Frank Wheaton, c.1913.

Attorney J. Frank Wheaton

J. Frank Wheaton, c.1913. Image is from the Minneapolis Twin City Star, September 5, 1913.

Black and white photograph of John Frank Wheaton, c.1900.

J. Frank Wheaton

John Frank Wheaton, c.1900. Photograph uploaded by Ancestry.com user LisaRoy 123.

Black and white photograph of John Frank Wheaton, c.1899.

John Frank Wheaton

John Frank Wheaton, c.1899. Photograph by Zimmerman, Charles A.

Wheaton, John Francis (1866–1922)

John Francis (J. Frank) Wheaton, a Twin Cities lawyer and orator, became the first African American elected to serve in the Minnesota legislature in 1898. A target of racial prejudice throughout his life, Wheaton believed in the political process as a means to improve the state’s civil rights laws.

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