Founded by Swedish Americans in St. Peter in 1862, Gustavus Adolphus College attracted a mostly white student body for much of its history. In the 1960s, the college took steps to diversify its campus by recruiting and retaining African American students from the South. This effort made Gustavus unique among Midwestern liberal arts colleges.
Clarence Wigington, the nation’s first African American municipal architect, served as lead architect in over ninety St. Paul city projects. His legacy in brick and stone has lasted well into the twenty-first century. He designed both the enduring (schools, fire stations, park buildings) and the ephemeral (five Winter Carnival ice palaces).
Officers of the Sixteenth Battalion, Minnesota Home Guard, c.1918. (L to R) Lt. Homer Goins, Capt. Clarence Wigington, Lt. Patrick H. Southall, unidentified, Major Jose H. Sherwood, unidentified, unidentified, Capt. Orrington C. Hall.