Eliza Winston Court Case, 1860

On August 21, 1860, African American Eliza Winston was freed from her Mississippi slaveholder in a Minneapolis court. After being granted legal freedom, however, Winston was met with white mob violence and had to leave the area, perhaps fleeing to Canada. The event showed that although slavery was illegal in Minnesota, many white Minnesotans supported the practice when it economically benefited them.

Photograph of Julia B. Nelson with a pupil c.1865.

Julia B. Nelson with a pupil

Photograph of Julia B. Nelson with a pupil, c.1865.

photograph of convent building

St. Peter Claver Catholic Convent, 389 North Oxford, St. Paul

St. Peter Claver Catholic Convent, 1975.

photograph featuring class pictures of the students and teacher of St. Peter Claver's second grade class

Second grade class, St. Peter Claver, St. Paul

Second grade class, St. Peter Claver, St. Paul, 1959–1960.

photograph of crowd at school dedication

Dedication of St. Peter Claver Roman Catholic School, 1060 West Central, St. Paul

Dedication of St. Peter Claver Roman Catholic School, 1950.

Photograph of church choir members on the steps of St. Peter Claver.

African American choir of St. Peter Claver Church, St. Paul

Members of the St. Peter Claver Church Choir with their leader, Fr. John Andrzejewski, undated.

photograph of the altar and main aisle of St. Peter Claver

Interior, St. Peter Claver, St. Paul

Interior, St. Peter Claver Church, St. Paul, c.1916.

St. Peter Claver Church, St. Paul

Founded in 1888, St. Peter Claver Church was the first African American Catholic Church in Minnesota. The parish was created by St. Paul’s African American Catholic community and an Archbishop who vowed to “blot out the color line.”

1975 Photograph of Roy Wilkins, Samuel Richardson, Governor Wendell Anderson and an unidentified man.

Roy Wilkins (second from left) with Samuel Richardson (left), unidentified man, and Governor Wendell R. Anderson (far right)

Roy Wilkins (second from left) with Samuel Richardson (left), unidentified man, and Governor Wendell R. Anderson (far right), 1975.

Photograph of Martin Luther King, Roy Wilkins, and Thurgood Marshall

Roy Wilkins (center) with Martin Luther King and Thurgood Marshall

Roy Wilkins (center) with Martin Luther King and Thurgood Marshall, c.1959. Photograph by Cecil Layne.

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