Grant County farmers among the marchers to the State Capitol

Grant County farmers among the marchers to the State Capitol

Grant County farmers among the marchers to the State Capitol, 1935. Photographer: George E. Luxton. Minnesota farm families practiced active citizenship and made demands on the government to honor their labor and protect their farms.

Farmers Cooperative Creamery, Milaca

Farmers Cooperative Creamery, Milaca

Farmers Cooperative Creamery, Milaca, c.1910. Photographer: Palmquist Studio. The challenges of the market caused Minnesota farmers to organize cooperatives both to sell their products and buy their supplies.

Women and child feeding chickens

Women and child feeding chickens

Women and child feeding chickens, c.1905. Photographer: Emil King. Minnesota farm families worked together to survive on the land. They also worked with hired hands, community members, animals, and machines.

Grasshopper plague in Minnesota

Grasshopper plague in Minnesota

This 1888 engraving depicts the 1873-1877 grasshopper plague in Minnesota and a method of capturing the young grasshoppers.

Ojibwe men, possibly at 1857 or 1862 treaty signing

Ojibwe men, possibly at 1857 or 1862 treaty signing

Ojibwe men, possibly at 1857 or 1862 treaty signing in Washington, DC. Photographer: Matthew B. Brady. To make way for the farm, the land first needed to be alienated from native peoples. Treaty negotiations started this process.

How Agriculture Has Shaped the State

Land, Labor, the Market, and Politics

Expert Essay: Associate professor of history Jeff Kolnick looks at agriculture through several lenses and offers his view on its overall impact on Minnesota, past and present.

Ignatius Donnelly

Ignatius Donnelly 1888

Ignatius Donnelly, 1888. Photographer: Sarony. Donnelly managed membership recruitment for the Farmers' Alliance starting in 1889

S.M. Owen - The People's Candidate for Governor of Minnesota

S.M. Owen - The People's Candidate for Governor of Minnesota

Political poster depicting Sidney M. Owen, the Farmers' Alliance candidate for governor, 1890

Farmers' Alliance in Minnesota

The Farmers' Alliance in Minnesota thrived from 1886 to 1892. During this time, the organization achieved the most progress toward its political goals in the state. These included greater regulation of the railroad industry as it impacted the wheat market, elimination of irregularities in the grading of wheat, and minimization or elimination of the middleman in the wheat trade.

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