Color image of American Indian women gathering rice, 1849–1855. Drawing by Seth Eastman.

Gathering wild rice

American Indian women gathering rice, 1849–1855. Drawing by Seth Eastman.This was an early version of one of Eastman’s paintings for the House Committee on Indian Affairs.

Eastman, Seth (1808–1875)

Seth Eastman was a painter and soldier best known for his depictions of the everyday life of Dakota and Ojibwe people around Fort Snelling in the 1840s. He stands out among other nineteenth-century American artists—particularly those who also painted American Indian people—because of his commitment to realism. Unlike his peers, Eastman mostly avoided romanticizing the Native people with whom he lived.

Color image of a pipe quarry pit, Pipestone National Monument, 2009. Photograph by the National Park Service.

Pipe quarry pit, Pipestone National Monument

Pipe quarry pit, Pipestone National Monument, 2009. Photograph by the National Park Service.

Black and white photograph of Indians at Pipestone quarry, 1893.

Indians at Pipestone quarry

Indians at Pipestone quarry, 1893.

Color image of Standing Eagle working the Sacred Pipestone in a quarry at the Pipestone National Monument, ca. 1970.

Standing Eagle working the Sacred Pipestone

Standing Eagle working the Sacred Pipestone in a quarry at the Pipestone National Monument, ca. 1970.

Black and white photograph of a temporary camp at the Pipestone quarries, ca. 1890s. Photograph by F.O. Pease.

Temporary camp at the Pipestone quarries

Temporary camp at the Pipestone quarries, ca. 1890. Photograph by F.O. Pease.

Color image of a Pipestone pipe bowl, ca. 1941.

Pipestone pipe bowl

Pipestone pipe bowl, ca. 1941.

The red Pipestone Quarry in Southwestern Minnesota. Pen and ink drawing of Rudolf Daniel Ludwig Cronau, 1881.

Pipestone Quarry

The red Pipestone Quarry in Southwestern Minnesota. Pen and ink drawing of Rudolf Daniel Ludwig Cronau, 1881.

Pipestone Quarry, Pipestone

From ancient times to the present, a pipestone quarry in southwestern Minnesota has been a sacred gathering place for Indian nations from all over North America. Modern highways following traditional migration routes used by indigenous people intersect at this venerated place, designated a national monument in 1937.

Black and white photograph of Carver’s Cave (Wakan Tipi), 1875.

Carver’s Cave (Wakan Tipi)

Carver’s Cave (Wakan Tipi), 1875.

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