Pair of sinew-sewn leather moccasins with a rawhide sole. Made by Dakota Indians in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century.

Beaded moccasins

Pair of sinew-sewn leather moccasins with a rawhide sole. Made by Dakota Indians in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century.

The Dakota chief Black Hawk, Green Cloud, and family members photographed by T.W. Ingersoll c.1900.

Chief Black Hawk and family

The Dakota chief Black Hawk, Green Cloud, and family members photographed by T.W. Ingersoll c.1900.

Buffalo robe painted with human figures, horses, and buffalo. Made by Dakota during the late nineteenth century.

Buffalo robe

Buffalo robe painted with human figures, horses, and buffalo. Made by Dakota people during the late nineteenth century.

Buffalo robe painted with human figures, horses, and buffalo. Made by Dakota during the late nineteenth century.

Buffalo robe

Buffalo robe painted with human figures, horses, and buffalo. Made by Dakota during the late nineteenth century.

Photograph of captured Dakota in a fenced enclosure on the Minnesota River below Fort Snelling. Photographed c.1863 by Benjamin Franklin Upton.

Photograph of captured Dakota in a fenced enclosure on the Minnesota River below Fort Snelling. Photographed c.1863 by Benjamin Franklin Upton.

Photograph of captured Dakota in a fenced enclosure on the Minnesota River below Fort Snelling. Photographed c.1863 by Benjamin Franklin Upton.

Dakota bag featuring beadwork and quillwork created no earlier than 1856.

Dakota beaded and quilled bag

Dakota bag featuring beadwork and quillwork created no earlier than 1856.

Dakota woman’s hide and wool dress, c.1850s.

Dakota woman's dress

Dakota woman’s hide and wool dress, c.1850s.

Watercolor on paper of a Dakota dwelling. Painted between 1846 and 1848 by Seth Eastman.

Dakota dwelling

Watercolor on paper of a Dakota dwelling. Painted between 1846 and 1848 by Seth Eastman.

Watercolor on paper depicting Chief Wabasha’s village on the Mississippi River. Painted c.1845 by Seth Eastman.

Wabasha's village c.1845

Watercolor on paper depicting Chief Wabasha’s village on the Mississippi River. Painted c.1845 by Seth Eastman.

How the Dakota Have Shaped the State

The Land, Water, and Language of Minnesota’s First People

Expert Essay: Teresa Peterson (Sisseton-Wahpeton Dakota) and Walter LaBatte Jr. (also Sisseton-Wahpeton) examine the experiences of Dakota people in Mni Sota Makoce, their spiritual homeland.

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