Lower Sioux Agency

The Lower Sioux Agency, or Redwood Agency, was built by the federal government in 1853 near the Redwood River in south-central Minnesota Territory. The Agency served as an administrative center for the Lower Sioux Reservation of Santee Dakota. It was also the site of key events related to the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862.

Color image of glass trade beads

Glass trade beads

Thirty-nine barrel-drawn, unevenly faceted glass beads created in the eighteenth or early nineteenth century.

Ayer, Elizabeth Taylor (1803–1898)

Elizabeth Taylor Ayer's life spanned nearly the entire nineteenth century. In an era when women rarely had professional careers, her work as a teaching missionary gave her more status and independence than most women enjoyed.

Black and white photograph of Ho-Chunk leader, Winneshiek II, likely at Fort Snelling, 1863

Winneshiek II, Ho-Chunk resistance leader

Ho-Chunk leader, Winneshiek II, likely at Fort Snelling, 1863. Winnesheik II led Ho-Chunk resistance against the treaty of 1859. His band was the last to submit to removal from Minnesota.

Black and white photograph of the Ho-Chunk leader Baptiste Lasallier wearing a mix of American Indian and Euro-American clothing, c.1855.

Baptiste Lasallier, Ho-Chunk leader

Black and white photograph of the Ho-Chunk leader Baptiste Lasallier wearing a mix of American Indian and Euro-American clothing, c.1855. After the treaty of 1859 the U.S. government recognized Lasallier as the "head chief" of the Ho-Chunk at Blue Earth.

Black and white photo print of the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) leader Baptiste Lasallier (center) with Indian Agent Charles H. Mix (right) and an Indian supply merchant from New York (left), 1857.

Baptiste Lasallier, Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) leader, with Charles H. Mix, Indian agent, and an Indian supply merchant from New York

Black and white photo print of the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) leader Baptiste Lasallier (center) with Indian Agent Charles H. Mix (right) and an Indian supply merchant from New York (left), 1857.

Black and white photo print of Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) Indian Agency, c. 1860.

Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) Indian Agency on the Owatonna Road near Mankato

Black-and-white photo print of the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) Indian Agency, c.1860.

The Ho-Chunk and Blue Earth, 1855–1863

In 1855 a federal treaty moved the Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) people from their reservation near Long Prairie to a site along the Blue Earth River. The Ho-Chunk farmed the area's rich soil with some success, but drew the hostility of white neighbors who wanted the land for themselves. Though they did not participate in the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 they were exiled from Minnesota during the conflict's aftermath.

Black and white photograph of Ho-Chunk leader Little Hill, who was one of his people's leading orators, c.1865.

Little Hill, Ho-Chunk leader

Ho-Chunk leader Little Hill was one of his people's leading orators, c.1865.

Black and white photograph of Ho-Chunk leader, Winneshiek II, c.1865.

Winneshiek II, Ho-Chunk leader

Ho-Chunk leader, Winneshiek II, c.1865.

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