Treaty of Mendota

The Treaty of Mendota was signed between the Mdewakanton and Wahpekute bands of the Dakota and the United States Government in 1851. By signing this treaty and the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux the same year, the Dakota transferred ownership of their lands to the United States. The Treaties of 1851 opened millions of acres to white settlement. For the Dakota, the treaties represented a step towards the loss of their homeland, and the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862.

Painting depicting Daniel Greysolon Sieur Dulhut at the Head of the Lakes in 1679.

"Daniel Greysolon Sieur Dulhut at the Head of the Lakes - 1679"

"Daniel Greysolon Sieur Dulhut at the Head of the Lakes - 1679." Painted by artist Francis Lee Jaques, c.1922.

Greysolon, Daniel, Sieur du Lhut (c.1639–1710)

Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, was born in Lyons, France around 1639. Greysolon was a nobleman, and quickly rose to prominence in the French royal court. He traveled to New France (Quebec, Canada) in 1674 at the age of thirty-eight to command the French marines in Montreal.

Carver, Jonathan (1710–1780)

Jonathan Carver was an explorer, mapmaker, author, and subject of controversy. He was among the first white men to explore and map areas of Minnesota, and including what later became Carver County. While French explorers had been in the area earlier, they did not leave behind detailed maps or journals of their travels as Carver did.

Carver County

Carver County, founded in 1855, is home to the Minnesota and Crow Rivers, along with 125 lakes. Located southwest of the Twin Cities, it is part of the seven-county metro area.

Big Eagle, leader in the U.S.- Dakota War.

Wambditanka (Big Eagle)

Wambditanka (Jerome Big Eagle), c.1863.

Little Crow

Taoyateduta (Little Crow IV)

Taoyateduta (Little Crow IV), 1862.

Traverse des Sioux treaty marker.

Traverse des Sioux treaty marker.

A stone marking the site of the treaty, c.1950.

Camp at Traverse des Sioux

Camp at Traverse des Sioux

A drawing of the camp at the treaty negotiation site by Frank B. Mayer, 1851.

Treaty of Traverse des Sioux

Treaty of Traverse des Sioux

The painting of the treaty signing that hangs in the Governor's Reception Room of the Minnesota State Capitol.

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