Color image of the world’s largest peace pipe, photographed during installation next to the Rock Island Depot in Pipestone, 1998.

World’s Largest Peace Pipe during installation

The world’s largest peace pipe, photographed during installation next to the Rock Island Depot in Pipestone, 1998.

Color image of the world’s largest peace pipe, installed next to the Rock Island Depot in Pipestone. Photographed by Flickr user Josh Mattson, August 15, 2009.

World’s Largest Peace Pipe

The world’s largest peace pipe, installed next to the Rock Island Depot in Pipestone. Photographed by Flickr user Josh Mattson, August 15, 2009.

World's Largest Peace Pipe

The world's largest peace pipe began with a vision shared by three spiritual people: one Lakota and two Anishinaabe. The pipe stands on the grounds of the historic Rock Island Railroad depot near the entrance to the Pipestone National Monument, home to the Keepers of the Sacred Tradition of Pipemakers. The location of the giant peace pipe is significant; the pipestone quarry nearby is known as "the crossroads of the Indian world." The soft red stone from the quarry has been used by American Indians for thousands of years to create ceremonial peace pipes.

Black and white photograph of Sarah Good Thunder and Evangeline Whipple, ca. 1905.

Sarah Good Thunder and Evangeline Whipple

Sarah Good Thunder and Evangeline Whipple, ca. 1905.

Color image of Dakota beaded and ribbonwork moccasins, made by Sarah Good Thunder (Dakota), 1904. Inscribed: “Made by Mrs. Good Thunder for Mrs. Whipple 1904."

Dakota beaded and ribbonwork moccasins

Dakota beaded and ribbonwork moccasins, made by Sarah Good Thunder (Dakota), 1904. Inscribed: “Made by Mrs. Good Thunder for Mrs. Whipple 1904."

Black and white photograph of Ojibwe on the St. Croix River, 1885.

Ojibwe on the St. Croix River

Ojibwe on the St. Croix River, 1885.

Scan of a survey of lower mounds at Dayton's Bluff done in 1866.

Survey of lower mounds at Dayton's Bluff

Mr. Hill's survey of lower mounds at Dayton's Bluff done in 1866. Image is from: Winchell, N.H. The Aborigines of Minnesota. St. Paul: The Pioneer Press Company, 1911, 263.

Scan of Mr. T.H. Lewis' survey of the mounds on Dayton's Bluff in 1882.

Survey of mounds on Dayton's Bluff

Image of Mr. T.H. Lewis' survey of the mounds on Dayton's Bluff in 1882. Image is from: Winchell, N.H. The Aborigines of Minnesota. St. Paul: The Pioneer Press Company, 1911, 262.

Color image of Indian Mounds Park, 2016. Photograph by Paul Nelson.

Mounds at Indian Mounds Park

Indian Mounds Park, 2016. Photograph by Paul Nelson.

Colorized post card view of Indian Mounds Park, 1908.

Indian Mounds Park post card

Post card view of Indian Mounds Park, 1908.

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