Participants at a pow wow organized by the Prairie Island Dakota community and held on July 13, 1969. Photographed by Monroe P. Killy.

Prairie Island pow wow, 1969

Participants at a pow wow organized by the Prairie Island Dakota community and held on July 13, 1969. Photograph by Monroe P. Killy.

MN90: George Bonga: Minnesota's First Fur Trader

Half black, half Ojibwe, George Bonga was the first person of African descent born in what was then the territory of Minnesota in 1802. He was a fur trader and a treaty translator that forged vital relationships with both Europeans and Native Americans. Allison Herrera tells us more about his important role in Minnesota history.

The Dakota leader Good Thunder (seated) and his family. Photographed at the Lower Sioux Dakota community in Redwood County c.1900.

Good Thunder and his family

The Dakota leader Good Thunder (seated) and his family. Photographed at the Lower Sioux Dakota community in Redwood County c.1900.

Detail view of a map made in 1685 by Jean-Baptiste Louis Franquelin. Lake Mille Lacs (at center left) is labelled as "Lac des Sioux, suggesting that the area was known as a home for Dakota people as early as the seventeenth century.

1600s map with Lake Mille Lacs labelled Lake of the Sioux (Lac des Sioux)

Detail view of a map made in 1685 and 1686 by Jean-Baptiste Louis Franquelin. Lake Mille Lacs (at center left) is labelled as "Lac des Sioux" (Lake of the Sioux), suggesting that the area was known as a home for Dakota people as early as the seventeenth century.

Detail view of a map made in 185 by Jean-Baptiste Louis Franquelin. Text surrounding Lake Mille Lacs (at center left, labelled here as Lac de Buade) identifies the area as inhabited by the "Issatis," or Santee Dakota. The map provides some of the earliest extant textual evidence of a Dakota community at Lake Mille Lacs.

1600s map marking Lake Mille Lacs (Lac de Buade) as the home of the "Issatis" (Santee Dakota)

Detail view of a copy of a map made in 1688 by Jean-Baptiste Louis Franquelin. Text surrounding Lake Mille Lacs (at center left, labelled here as Lac de Buade) identifies the area as inhabited by the "Issatis," or Santee Dakota. The map provides some of the earliest extant textual evidence of a Dakota community at Lake Mille Lacs.

Photograph of a group of Santee Dakota taken at Prairie Island c.1915.

Santee Dakota at Prairie Island

Photograph of a group of Santee Dakota taken at Prairie Island c.1915.

Pair of sinew-sewn leather moccasins with a rawhide sole. Made by Dakota Indians in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century.

Beaded moccasins

Pair of sinew-sewn leather moccasins with a rawhide sole. Made by Dakota Indians in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century.

The Dakota chief Black Hawk, Green Cloud, and family members photographed by T.W. Ingersoll c.1900.

Chief Black Hawk and family

The Dakota chief Black Hawk, Green Cloud, and family members photographed by T.W. Ingersoll c.1900.

Buffalo robe painted with human figures, horses, and buffalo. Made by Dakota during the late nineteenth century.

Buffalo robe

Buffalo robe painted with human figures, horses, and buffalo. Made by Dakota people during the late nineteenth century.

Buffalo robe painted with human figures, horses, and buffalo. Made by Dakota during the late nineteenth century.

Buffalo robe

Buffalo robe painted with human figures, horses, and buffalo. Made by Dakota during the late nineteenth century.

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