Evolution of Dakota Beadwork

Dakota people in what is now Minnesota began using glass beads to decorate clothing, bags, and household items in the mid-nineteenth century. The practice both reinforced and transformed Dakota art, allowing Native artists to preserve a creative tradition that continues in the twenty-first century.

Black and white photograph of the Hazelwood Mission of Stephen R. Riggs in Yellow Medicine County, c.1860.

Hazelwood Mission of Stephen R. Riggs in Yellow Medicine County

The Hazelwood Mission of Stephen R. Riggs in Yellow Medicine County, c.1860.

Black and white photograph of Bishop Whipple and others at St. Cornelia's Church, Morton, c.1895.

Bishop Whipple and others at St. Cornelia's Church, Morton

Bishop Whipple (seated center, right) and others at St. Cornelia's Church, Morton, c.1895.

Black and white photograph of Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson) and Bishop Whipple, c.1898.

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson) and Bishop Whipple

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson) and Bishop Whipple, c.1898.

Black and white photograph of Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson), c.1885.

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson)

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson), c.1885.

Black and white photograph of the confirmation of Dakota at Fort Snelling, 1863.

Bishop Henry B. Whipple preaching to the Dakota at the Fort Snelling concentration camp

Bishop Henry B. Whipple preaching to the Dakota at the Fort Snelling concentration camp, 1863.

Whipple, Henry Benjamin (1822–1901)

Henry Benjamin Whipple, the first Episcopal bishop of Minnesota, is known for his missionary work among the Dakota and Ojibwe and his efforts to reform the U.S. Indian administration system. After the U.S.–Dakota War of 1862, Whipple was one of the few white men to oppose the death sentences of 303 Dakota.

Black and white photograph of Wahpeton Dakota leader Mazamani II, c.1855.

Mazamani II (Walking Iron)

Wahpeton Dakota leader Mazamani II (Walking Iron), c.1855.

Oil on canvas painting of Dakota Indians in council, 1852. Painting by Seth Eastman

Dakota Indian Council

Oil on canvas painting of Dakota Indians in council, 1852. Painting by Seth Eastman.

Water color painting of a Medicine Dance of the Dakota, 1847. Painting by Seth Eastman.

Dakota Medicine Dance

Water color painting of a Medicine Dance of the Dakota, 1847. Painting by Seth Eastman.

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