Color image of a beaded bag made by Margeurite Metivier, c.1860.

Dakota beaded bag

Beaded bag made by Margeurite Metivier, c.1860.

Color image of a Dakota loom frame or heddle with wooden bars, early-to-mid 1800s.

Dakota wood loom frame

A Dakota loom frame or heddle with wooden bars, early-to-mid 1800s.

Colorized picture postcard featuring a Dakota woman making beadwork, c.1930.

Dakota woman making beadwork

Colorized picture postcard featuring a Dakota woman making beadwork, c.1930.

Color image of Dakota band with loomed, geometric beadwork, c.1890.

Dakota beadwork band

Dakota band with loomed, geometric beadwork, c.1890.

Evolution of Dakota Beadwork

Dakota people in what is now Minnesota began using glass beads to decorate clothing, bags, and household items in the mid-nineteenth century. The practice both reinforced and transformed Dakota art, allowing Native artists to preserve a creative tradition that continues in the twenty-first century.

Black and white photograph of the Hazelwood Mission of Stephen R. Riggs in Yellow Medicine County, c.1860.

Hazelwood Mission of Stephen R. Riggs in Yellow Medicine County

The Hazelwood Mission of Stephen R. Riggs in Yellow Medicine County, c.1860.

Black and white photograph of Bishop Whipple and others at St. Cornelia's Church, Morton, c.1895.

Bishop Whipple and others at St. Cornelia's Church, Morton

Bishop Whipple (seated center, right) and others at St. Cornelia's Church, Morton, c.1895.

Black and white photograph of Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson) and Bishop Whipple, c.1898.

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson) and Bishop Whipple

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson) and Bishop Whipple, c.1898.

Black and white photograph of Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson), c.1885.

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson)

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson), c.1885.

Black and white photograph of the confirmation of Dakota at Fort Snelling, 1863.

Bishop Henry B. Whipple preaching to the Dakota at the Fort Snelling concentration camp

Bishop Henry B. Whipple preaching to the Dakota at the Fort Snelling concentration camp, 1863.

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