Black and white photograph of Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson), c.1885.

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson)

Enmegahbowh (Reverend John Johnson), c.1885.

Black and white photograph of the confirmation of Dakota at Fort Snelling, 1863.

Bishop Henry B. Whipple preaching to the Dakota at the Fort Snelling concentration camp

Bishop Henry B. Whipple preaching to the Dakota at the Fort Snelling concentration camp, 1863.

Whipple, Henry Benjamin (1822–1901)

Henry Benjamin Whipple, the first Episcopal bishop of Minnesota, is known for his missionary work among the Dakota and Ojibwe and his efforts to reform the U.S. Indian administration system. After the U.S.–Dakota War of 1862, Whipple was one of the few white men to oppose the death sentences of 303 Dakota.

Black and white photograph of Wahpeton Dakota leader Mazamani II, c.1855.

Mazamani II (Walking Iron)

Wahpeton Dakota leader Mazamani II (Walking Iron), c.1855.

Oil on canvas painting of Dakota Indians in council, 1852. Painting by Seth Eastman

Dakota Indian Council

Oil on canvas painting of Dakota Indians in council, 1852. Painting by Seth Eastman.

Water color painting of a Medicine Dance of the Dakota, 1847. Painting by Seth Eastman.

Dakota Medicine Dance

Water color painting of a Medicine Dance of the Dakota, 1847. Painting by Seth Eastman.

Graphite drawing of a Dakota woman processing a hide, c.1845. Drawing by Seth Eastman.

Dakota woman scraping a hide

Graphite drawing of a Dakota woman processing a hide, c.1845. Drawing by Seth Eastman.

Inyan Ceyaka Otunwe

Inyan Ceyaka Otunwe (“Village at the Barrier of Stone”), also called Little Rapids or simply Inyan Ceyaka, was a summer planting village of the Wahpeton Dakota. Located near present-day Jordan on the Minnesota River, the village was occupied by the Wahpeton during the early 1800s, and likely before. Burial mounds indicate that Paleo-Americans—possible ancestors of the Dakota—lived at the site as early as 100 CE.

Black and white photograph of Dakota Leader Wakanozhanzhan (Medicine Bottle) at Fort Snelling, 1864.

Dakota Leader Wakanozhanzhan (Medicine Bottle) at Fort Snelling

Dakota Leader Wakanozhanzhan (Medicine Bottle) at Fort Snelling, 1864.

Black and white photograph of Dakota leader Sakpedan (Little Six, “Shakopee III”) at Fort Snelling, 1864.

Dakota leader Sakpedan (Little Six, “Shakopee III”) at Fort Snelling

Dakota leader Sakpedan (Little Six, “Shakopee III”) at Fort Snelling, 1864.

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