Black and white engraving on paper depicting Lake Pepin. Made by Jacob C. Ward c.1840.

Lake Pepin, Upper Mississippi

Black and white engraving on paper depicting Lake Pepin. Made by Jacob C. Ward c.1840.

The "Half-Breed Tract" and Scrip

The 1830 Treaty of Prairie du Chien set aside 320,000 acres of potentially valuable land west of Lake Pepin for "half-breed" members of the Dakota nation. The move set off a series of events that would enrich a number of early Minnesotans, none of Indian heritage.

Hand written document recognizing "Wahcoota" as Tatankamani's successor, May 17, 1829.

Document written by Indian Agent Lawrence Taliaferro recognizing "Wahcoota" as Tatankamani's successor, May 17, 1829.

Following the death of Tatankamani (Red Wing) in 1829, Lawrence Taliaferro, the United States Indian Agent at Fort Snelling, recognized "Wahcoota" as his successor.

Wacouta I (Shooter), (c. 1800–1858)

In spring 1829, Wacouta (Shooter) faced two challenges upon becoming leader of the Red Wing band of Mdewakanton Dakota. He needed to fend off challenges from rivals within his village and also find success in dealings with United States government officials.

Black and white portrait of Zebulon M. Pike wearing the uniform of an U.S. Army captain, c.1810.

Zebulon M. Pike

Portrait of Zebulon Pike. C. 1810. Pike led the first United States expedition through the Upper Midwest in 1805, and met Tatankamani during his travels in the area.

Color lithograph of Red Wing's village in 1855.

Red Wing's Village

Henry Lewis's 1855 lithograph shows Red Wing's village forty years after Tatankamani (Red Wing) brought his followers there.

Tatankamani (Walking Buffalo), "Red Wing" (c.1755–1829)

Tatankamani (Walking Buffalo) was a leader of the Mdewakanton Dakota in the upper Mississippi Valley. White settlers who met him as they advanced into the region in the early nineteenth century came to know him and his village as Red Wing.

Black and white photograph of Frances Densmore with Mountain Chief who is interpreting a recording.

Frances Densmore with Mountain Chief (Sioux), Chief is interpreting a recording with sign language

Frances Densmore with Mountain Chief, a Dakota man, 1914. He is interpreting a recording for her with sign language.

Black and white photograph of Frances Densmore seated on ground with others at Pigeon River, c. 1905.

Frances Densmore with Captain Herman and Mrs. Finger, Margaret Densmore and Philomen Cariboo at mouth of Pigeon River

Frances Densmore with Captain Herman and Mrs. Finger, Margaret Densmore and Philomen Cariboo at mouth of Pigeon River, c. 1905.

photograph of ruth myers

Ruth Myers

Portrait of Ruth Myers

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