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Myers, Ruth A. (1926–2001)

Ruth A. Myers was known as the “grandmother of American Indian education in Minnesota.” A persistent voice for American Indian children and their families, Myers focused on education policy as well as learning opportunities for American Indian children. She also produced curriculum and resource materials that reflected American Indian history and culture for all Minnesota learners.

Ojibwe loom-woven beadwork and wool belt

Ojibwe loom-woven beadwork and wool belt

Loom-woven beadwork belt reportedly owned by Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the Younger).

Ojibwe appliqued and beaded wool sash

Ojibwe appliqued and beaded wool sash

Red wool sash appliqued with flower pattern; reportedly owned by Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the Younger).

Hole in the Day, an Ojibwe leader

Hole in the Day, an Ojibwe leader

Portrait of Hole-in-the-Day with turban, feathers, and blanket, 1862–1868.

American Indian delegation in Washington, D.C.; Bagone-giizhig is standing on the balcony, to right of second pillar from the left

Indian delegation in Washington, D.C.

Photograph of an American Indian delegation to Washington, D.C., c.1868. Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the younger) is standing on the balcony to the right of the second pillar from the left.

Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the younger)

Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the younger)

Portrait of Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the younger) c.1860.

Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the younger)

Po-go-nay-ke-shick (Hole in the Day).

Bagone-giizhing (Hole-in-the-Day the younger) wearing Euro-American clothing, c.1860.

Portrait of Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the Younger) c.1855.

Bagone-giizhig

Portrait of Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the Younger) c.1855.

Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day)

Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day)

Photograph of Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day) the Younger, 1858.

Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day the Younger), 1825–1868

Bagone-giizhig, known in English as Hole-in-the-Day the Younger, was a charismatic and influential chief who played a key role in relations between the Ojibwe and the U.S. government in Minnesota. Yet he won as many enemies as friends due to his actions during the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 and his claim to be the leader of all Ojibwe. In 1868, Bagone-giizhig was assassinated by a group of other Ojibwe from Leech Lake. For many years the real reason for this killing remained a mystery.

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