Myers, Ruth A. (1926–2001)

Ruth A. Myers was known as the “grandmother of American Indian Education in Minnesota.” A persistent voice for American Indian children and their families, Myers focused on education policy. She focused on learning opportunities for American Indian children. She also worked for curriculum and resource materials that reflected the American Indian history and culture for all Minnesota learners.

Ojibwa loom-woven beadwork and wool belt

Ojibwa loom-woven beadwork and wool belt

Loom-woven beadwork belt, reportedly owned by Hole-in-the-Day.

Ojibwe appliqued and beaded wool sash

Ojibwe appliqued and beaded wool sash

Red wool sash appliqued with flower pattern, reportedly owned by Hole-in-the-Day.

Hole in the Day, an Ojibwe leader

Hole in the Day, an Ojibwe leader

Portrait of Hole-in-the-Day with turban, feathers, and blanket, 1862–1868.

Indian delegation in Washington, D.C.; Hole in the Day is standing on the balcony, to right of second pillar from the left

Indian delegation in Washington, D.C.

Photograph of Indian delegation to Washington, D.C., c.1868. Hole in the Day is standing on the balcony, to right of second pillar from the left

Po-go-nay-ke-shick (Hole in the Day), Ojibwe chief

Po-go-nay-ke-shick (Hole in the Day), Ojibwe chief

Seated portrait of Hole-in-the-Day, c.1860.

Po-go-nay-ke-shick (Hole in the Day).

Po-go-nay-ke-shick (Hole in the Day).

Hole-in-the-Day wearing Euro-American clothing, c.1860.

Hole in the Day.

Hole in the Day.

Portrait of Hole-in-the-Day with war club, c.1855.

Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day)

Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day)

Photograph of Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day) the Younger, 1858.

Bagone-giizhig (Hole-in-the-Day) the Younger (1825–1868)

Bagone-giizhig, known in English as Hole-in-the-Day the Younger, was a charismatic and influential chief who played a key role in relations between the Ojibwe and the U.S. government in Minnesota. Yet he won as many enemies as friends due to his actions during the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 and his claim to be the leader of all Ojibwe. In 1868, Bagone-giizhig was assassinated by a group of other Ojibwe from Leech Lake. For many years the real reason for this killing remained a mystery.

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