Color image of a rimmed miner's helmet worn by Adam Shapic circa 1910-1930s

Iron miner's helmet

Rimmed miner's helmet worn by Adam Shapic circa 1910–1930s. Shapic worked in iron mines near Virginia, Minnesota, until he was injured in a mining accident that left him paralyzed.

Color postcard depicting machinery at work stripping overburden for ore on the Mesabi Iron Range c.1905.

Stripping overburden for ore, Mesabi Iron Range

Machinery at work stripping overburden for ore on the Mesabi Iron Range c.1905.

One-sheet poster advertising the Washburn Mills in Minneapolis, 1889.

Washburn Mill Company advertisement

One-sheet poster advertising the Washburn Mills in Minneapolis. It highlights the importance of mechanization, local wheat and water power, and global ambition to the firm. Included in the 1889 carnival edition of the St. Paul Dispatch.

Engraving of a bonanza farm, 1879.

Red River bonanza farm

Engraving of a bonanza farm printed in the November 1, 1879 edition of the Independent Farmer and Fireside Companion (page 174). The image celebrates the commercial possibilities of large-scale, mechanized, and systematized wheat farming in the Red River Valley.

Black and white photograph of a cluster of Minneapolis sawmills, c.1865.

Log flumes and West Side sawmills, Minneapolis

Cluster of Minneapolis sawmills, c.1865.

Color image of woman's white ermine tippet and muff set made c.1840.

Fur accessories associated with the American Fur Company

Woman's white ermine tippet and muff set made c.1840 from pelts collected by traders working for the American Fur Company. Worn by Sarah Alexandrine Sibley, sister of American Fur Company agent Henry Sibley, during an 1840 visit to Washington, DC.

Color image of dark red trade beads.

Dark red trade beads

Four trade beads created in the eighteenth or early nineteenth century. These European-made objects took on new meaning and significance in the context of the fur trade.

Color image of glass trade beads

Glass trade beads

Thirty-nine barrel-drawn, unevenly faceted glass beads created in the eighteenth or early nineteenth century.

How Business and Industry Have Shaped the State

Trading Posts and Big Boxes: The Social, Political, and Economic Importance of Minnesota Business

Expert Essay: Associate professor of history Tracey Deutsch reveals how Minnesota trading traditions, businesses, and industries both large and small have influenced the course of Minnesota history.

Color image of Sibley House Historic Site, 2014.

Sibley House Historic Site, Mendota

Sibley House Historic Site, 2014.

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