Black and white photograph of St. Anthony Falls taken c.1860.

Falls of St. Anthony

Black and white photograph of St. Anthony Falls taken c.1860.

The Rock Island Excursion of 1854

On February 22, 1854, the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad completed the first rail line to connect the Mississippi River to the Atlantic Ocean. To promote that feat the company contacted notable East Coast citizens and journalists and invited them to ride their train to Rock Island. From there, the visitors took a steamboat trip up the Mississippi, stopping at St. Paul. The journalists, pleased with what they saw, wrote of the beauty and splendor of a region that many in the East thought was little more than a wilderness.

Black and white photograph of open pit mining, Mesabi Range, c.1950.

Open pit mining, Mesabi Range

Open pit mining, Mesabi Range, c.1950.

Black and white photograph of view from Mesabi Range, c.1916.

View from Mesabi Range

View from Mesabi Range, c.1916.

Black and white photograph of first mine on Mesabi Range, near Mountain Iron, c.1892.

First mine on Mesabi Range, near Mountain Iron

First mine on Mesabi Range, near Mountain Iron, c.1892.

Black and white photograph of Leonidas Merritt, c.1919.

Leonidas Merritt, Duluth

Leonidas Merritt, c.1919.

The Opening of the Mesabi Iron Range

In the 1880s, several members of the Lewis H. Merritt family discovered hematite on the Mesabi Range. This led to industrial development in northeastern Minnesota and the growth of the Lake Superior iron industry.

Color image of burling and surface texture area of the Faribault Woolen Mills Company, 2011.

Burling and surface texture area

Burling and surface texture area of the Faribault Woolen Mills Company, 2011. Photograph by Elizabeth A. Gales.

Color image of spinning frame and roving areas of the Faribault Woolen Mills Company, 2011.

Spinning frame and roving areas

Spinning frame and roving areas of the Faribault Woolen Mills Company, 2011. Photograph by Elizabeth A. Gales.

Color image of north and east façades, of Faribault Woolen Mill Company, 2011.

North and east façades

North and east façades, of Faribault Woolen Mill Company, 2011. Photograph by Elizabeth A. Gales.

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