Black and white photograph of Rondo Avenue from the Josiah B. Cheney residence (604 Rondo Avenue), ca. 1900.

View of Rondo Avenue from the Josiah B. Cheney residence

View of Rondo Avenue from the Josiah B. Cheney residence (604 Rondo Avenue), ca. 1900.

Black and white photograph of the Rondo Street police station at the intersection of Rondo Street and Western Avenue, ca. 1900.

Rondo Street police station

Rondo Street police station at the intersection of Rondo Street and Western Avenue, ca. 1900.

Rondo Neighborhood, St. Paul

St. Paul’s Rondo neighborhood ran roughly between University Avenue to the north, Selby Avenue to the south, Rice Street to the east, and Lexington Avenue to the west. African American churches, businesses, and schools set down roots there in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, creating a strong community. Construction of Interstate-94 (I-94) between 1956 and 1968 cut the neighborhood in half and fractured its identity as a cultural center.

St. Paul, looking toward Fourth and Robert Streets

St. Paul as it appeared in 1857, a year after Joseph Israel Lobdell arrived there. Photograph by Franklin Benjamin Upton.

Black and white photograph of Joseph Israel Lobdell, also called Lucy Ann and La-Roi Lobell, ca. 1854.

Joseph Israel Lobdell

Joseph Israel Lobdell, also called Lucy Ann and La-Roi Lobell, ca. 1854.

The Trial of Joseph Israel / Lucy Ann Lobdell, 1858

Joseph Israel Lobdell, also known as La-Roi and Lucy Ann Lobdell, spent two years in Minnesota in the late 1850s. In 1858, a Meeker County attorney charged him with "impersonating a man," claiming that such an action was a crime. The judge trying the case disagreed, ruling that Lobdell (who had been assigned a female sex at birth) had committed no offense by dressing in men’s clothes.

Black and white postcard of Monrovia waterfront, ca. 1900s.

Postcard of Monrovia waterfront

Postcard of Monrovia waterfront, ca. 1900s.

Black and white aerial photograph of Carman in the 1940s.

Carman

Carman in the 1940s.

Black and white photograph of Crookston from Childs photo album, ca. 1890–1915.

View of Crookston from Childs photo album

View of Crookston from Childs photo album, ca. 1890–1915.

Photograph of page in Polk County plat book (1902) showing locations of Carman’s creamery, hotels, school, and artesian wells.

Close-up picture of Carman in 1902 plat book

Photograph of page in Polk County plat book (1902) showing locations of Carman’s creamery, hotels, school, and artesian wells.

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