American Indian Boarding Schools

American Indian boarding schools, which operated in Minnesota and across the United States beginning in the late nineteenth century, represent a dark chapter in U.S. history. Also called industrial schools, these institutions prepared boys for manual labor and farming and girls for domestic work. The boarding school, whether on or off a reservation, carried out the government's mission to restructure Indians' minds and personalities by severing children’s physical, cultural, and spiritual connections to their tribes.

Black and white photograph of a large lecture room at University of Minnesota with ears of corn laid out for judging by students. Photographed by Harry D. Ayer c.1910.

Class on Judging Corn

Large lecture room at University of Minnesota with ears of corn laid out for judging by students. Photographed by Harry D. Ayer c.1910.

Color image of the exterior of the Minneapolis location of Comunidades Latinas Unidas en Servicio (CLUES), a nonprofit social service organization for Latinos, at 720 East Lake Street in Minneapolis, February 20, 2016. Photographed by Lizzie Ehrenhalt.

Comunidades Latinas Unidas en Servicio (CLUES)

The exterior of the Minneapolis location of Comunidades Latinas Unidas en Servicio (CLUES), a nonprofit social service organization for Latinos, at 720 East Lake Street in Minneapolis, February 20, 2016. Photographed by Lizzie Ehrenhalt.

Black and white photograph of a horsecar in front of Central High School, Minneapolis, 1878.

Horsecar in front of Central High School, Minneapolis

Horsecar in front of Central High School, Minneapolis, 1878.

Color image of Donald, a male golden eagle and National Eagle Center ambassador, participating in the center's "Meet the Eagles" program.

Donald in the "Meet the Eagles" program

Donald, a male golden eagle and National Eagle Center ambassador, participates in the center's "Meet the Eagles" program.

Color image of Donald, a male golden eagle and National Eagle Center ambassador, spreading his wings. Photographed by Janet Killian.

Donald with wings out

Donald, a male golden eagle and National Eagle Center ambassador, spreads his wings. Photographed by Janet Killian.

Color image of Donald, a male golden eagle and National Eagle Center ambassador.

Donald

Donald, a male golden eagle and National Eagle Center ambassador.

Color image of Bald eagles Harriet and Angel: the National Eagle Center's first ambassadors.

Bald eagles Harriet and Angel

Bald eagles Harriet and Angel: the National Eagle Center's first ambassadors.

Color image of Angel, a female bald eagle and one of the National Eagle Center's first ambassadors, perches on top of the center's sign.

Angel with National Eagle Center sign

Angel, a female bald eagle and one of the National Eagle Center's first ambassadors, perches on top of the center's sign.

Color image of Angel, a female bald eagle and one of the National Eagle Center's first ambassadors.

Angel

Angel, a female bald eagle and one of the National Eagle Center's first ambassadors.

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