Color photograph of Earl Bakken.

Earl Bakken

Photograph of Earl Bakken. From the Pioneers of the Medical Device Industry in Minnesota Oral History Project.

Black and white photograph of C. Walton Lillehei.

C. Walton Lillehei

Photograph of C. Walton Lillehei. From the Pioneers of the Medical Device Industry in Minnesota Oral History Project.

C. Walton Lillehei and the Origins of Open-Heart Surgery

Dr. C. Walton Lillehei was a world-famous professor of surgery at the University of Minnesota and an innovator in the field of open-heart surgery. He participated in the world's first successful open-heart operation, developed techniques and devices that made open-heart surgery more successful, and pioneered the use of pacemakers and artificial heart valves.

Remains of Mudcura

Remains of Mudcura

This image shows the remains of the Sanitarium after it was burned to the ground on November 8, 1997.

Patients

Patients

This photo shows a group shot of patients at Mudcura Sanitarium. Early 1910s, not long after Mudcura opened.

Treaments

Treaments

A view showing patients wrapped in cool blankets after receiving a mud-wrap.

Treatments

Treatments

An image showing how some of the mud-wrap treatments worked.

Mudcura

Mudcura

A view of the main sanatorium building, which included twenty-seven bedrooms for up to fifty guests, a cigar and newsstand, a smoking room, and a barbershop.

Dr. Henry Fischer and Family

Dr. Henry Fischer and Family

A family portrait of Dr. Henry P. Fischer and family.

Mudcura

Mudcura

An aerial view of the Mudcura Sanitarium near Shakopee.

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