photograph of experiment subjects displaying "gaunt and weak" bodies

Volunteers Gerald Wilsnack and Marshall Sutton; "Gaunt and weak were the 'guinea pigs' as starvation test ended."

Volunteers Gerald Wilsnack and Marshall Sutton; "Gaunt and weak were the 'guinea pigs' as starvation test ended."

photograph of experiment subjects lounging on the grass in the sunshine

Volunteers Gerald Wilsnack, Marshall Sutton and Jasper Garner "relax in the sun between their daily routine."

Volunteers Gerald Wilsnack, Marshall Sutton and Jasper Garner "relax in the sun between their daily routine."

photograph of a subject of the experiment receiving an x-ray checkup

Volunteer Jim Plaugher of Fresno, California, at an x-ray checkup.

Volunteer Jim Plaugher of Fresno, California, at an x-ray checkup.

photograph of an experiment subject reading a cookbook

Volunteer Harold Blickenstaff "consoles himself during the months of the starvation diets reading cookbooks."

Volunteer Harold Blickenstaff "consoles himself during the months of the starvation diets reading cookbooks."

portrait image of Dr. Ancel Keys

Ancel Keys

1946 University of Minnesota Portrait of Dr. Ancel Keys, Ph.D.

The Starvation Experiment of Dr. Ancel Keys, 1944–1945

From November 1944 to late October 1945, Dr. Ancel Keys paid close attention to hunger. He supervised thirty-six young male volunteers in a "starvation experiment," funded by the U.S. Army. This landmark effort at the University of Minnesota led to broad new understandings of nutrition and health.

Snowstorm, Mankato

Post-blizzard Mankato, c.1880.

photograph of Dawson school with children playing in the snow.

Dawson School, Dawson

Dawson School in Lac Qui Parle County, on the western border of Minnesota, c.1890.

The Children's Blizzard of 1888

The winter of 1887-1888 was ferocious and unrelenting. But nothing prepared southwestern Minnesota for the January storm that came to be known as the Children's Blizzard.

Sean Kershaw

Sean Kershaw

Sean Kershaw is the current Citizens League executive director and has held the office since 2003

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