The Treaty of Traverse des Sioux of 1851 is an agreement between the Sisseton and Wahpeton bands of Dakota and the U.S. government. It transferred ownership of much of southern and western Minnesota from the Dakota to the United States. The treaty is significant in Minnesota's history because, along with the Treaty of Mendota signed that same year, it opened twenty-four million acres of land to immigration. For the Dakota, these treaties marked another step in the process that saw them increasingly marginalized in and dismissed from land that was their home.
Chinese Bazaar at Westminster Presbyterian Church, Minneapolis, c.1935. Chinese Minnesotans like Woo Yee Sing and his wife Liang May Seen were prominently involved with Westminster's Chinese outreach programs.
Liang May Seen was the first woman of Chinese descent to live in Minnesota. After escaping from a brothel in San Francisco, Liang learned English, married, and moved to Minneapolis, where she was a leader in the Chinese immigrant community until her death in 1946.
Photograph of John Keller’s room by St. Paul Dispatch photographer, published on April 13, 1905. This is where William Williams shot and killed Keller and his mother on April 12. Image reproduced from microfilm at the Minnesota Historical Society with permission from the St. Paul Pioneer Press.