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Sauna stove

Sauna stove

Sauna stove, 1974. Photograph by Matti E. Kaups.

Sauna made of logs, Pelican Lake

Sauna made of logs, Pelican Lake

Abandoned log savusauna similar to the one in Cokato, Pelican Lake, 1964.

Chimneyless Savu Sauna near Markham, St. Louis County

Chimneyless Savu Sauna near Markham, St. Louis County

Chimneyless savusauna on an old homestead site near Markham, St. Louis County, c.1950. Photograph by Virginia Mesabi Daily News.

Interior of Finnish Bath House, New York Mills, Minn.

Interior of Finnish Bath House, New York Mills, Minn.

Engraving of the interior of the Finnish Bath House in New York Mills, Minnesota, 1889.

Barberg-Selvälä-Salmonson Sauna, Cokato

Often, the first structure built by Finnish immigrants to Minnesota was a sauna. That was the case with the Barberg-Selvälä-Salmonson sauna in Cokato—the oldest savusauna, or smoke sauna, still existing in Minnesota and likely in the United States.

Ireland, John (1838–1918)

Born in County Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1838, John Ireland came to St. Paul with his parents in 1852. He was ordained a Catholic priest in 1861, and by the time he was appointed archbishop of St. Paul in 1888, he was one of the city's most prominent citizens.

Archbishop John Ireland

Archbishop John Ireland

Archbishop John Ireland, c.1910. Artist unknown.

Archbishop John Ireland

Archbishop John Ireland

John Ireland, 1862. Photograph by A. Larson.

John Ireland, St. Paul

John Ireland, St. Paul

John Ireland, St. Paul, 1908. Photograph by Golling Studio.

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