Black and white photograph of the Italian American Hall, Eveleth, 1920.

Italian American Hall, Eveleth

Italian American Hall, Eveleth, 1920.

Black and white photograph of a Finnish Stock Company, Ely, 1915.

Finnish Stock Company

Finnish Stock Company, Ely, 1915.

Black and white photograph of a Bohemian boy, Virginia, 1914.

Bohemian boy in Virginia

Bohemian boy, Virginia, 1914.

Black and white photograph of Suomalainen Raittiustalo, Virginia, 1910.

Suomalainen Raittiustalo, Virginia

Suomalainen Raittiustalo, Virginia, 1910.

Black and white photograph of boarding house residents near Troy Mine, 1905.

Boarding house residents near Troy Mine

Boarding house residents near Troy Mine, 1905.

Black and white photograph of a Finnish Lutheran congregation in front of Finnish Temperance Hall, Mt. Iron, 1896.

Finnish Temperance Hall, Mt. Iron

Finnish Lutheran congregation in front of Finnish Temperance Hall, Mt. Iron, 1896.

Black and white photograph of a Slovenian wedding in Eveleth, 1908

Slovenian wedding in Eveleth

Slovene wedding, Eveleth, 1908.

Immigration to the Iron Range, 1880–1930

During the early twentieth century, the population of the Iron Range was among the most ethnically diverse in Minnesota. Tens of thousands of immigrants arrived from Finland, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Sweden, Norway, Canada, England, and over thirty other places of origin. These immigrants mined the ore that made the Iron Range famous and built its communities.

Black and white scan of a military land warrant used by William Thiele to buy part of New Ulm at the Winona Land Office, c.1856 (the patent was issued in 1858).

Military land warrant

Military land warrant used by William Thiele to buy part of New Ulm at the Winona Land Office, c.1856 (the patent was issued in 1858).

Black and white photograph of the first real estate office in Minneapolis, c.1855.

The first real estate office in Minneapolis

The first real estate office in Minneapolis, c.1855.

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