Black and white photograph of the Italian American Hall, Eveleth, 1920.

Italian American Hall, Eveleth

Italian American Hall, Eveleth, 1920.

Black and white photograph of a Finnish Stock Company, Ely, 1915.

Finnish Stock Company

Finnish Stock Company, Ely, 1915.

Black and white photograph of a Bohemian boy, Virginia, 1914.

Bohemian boy in Virginia

Bohemian boy, Virginia, 1914.

Black and white photograph of Suomalainen Raittiustalo, Virginia, 1910.

Suomalainen Raittiustalo, Virginia

Suomalainen Raittiustalo, Virginia, 1910.

Black and white photograph of boarding house residents near Troy Mine, 1905.

Boarding house residents near Troy Mine

Boarding house residents near Troy Mine, 1905.

Black and white photograph of a Finnish Lutheran congregation in front of Finnish Temperance Hall, Mt. Iron, 1896.

Finnish Temperance Hall, Mt. Iron

Finnish Lutheran congregation in front of Finnish Temperance Hall, Mt. Iron, 1896.

Black and white photograph of a Slovenian wedding in Eveleth, 1908

Slovenian wedding in Eveleth

Slovene wedding, Eveleth, 1908.

Immigration to the Iron Range, 1880–1930

During the early twentieth century, the population of the Iron Range was among the most ethnically diverse in Minnesota. Tens of thousands of immigrants arrived from Finland, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Sweden, Norway, Canada, England, and over thirty other places of origin. These immigrants mined the ore that made the Iron Range famous and built its communities.

Founding of Clontarf

Clontarf, a railroad town in Swift County, was established by Bishop John Ireland of St. Paul in 1877 as a Catholic colony on the prairie. Early arrivals named Clontarf for the site of the eleventh-century victory of the Irish king Brian Boru over Viking invaders.

Jewish Social Welfare Groups, 1871–2012

Nineteenth-century Jewish immigrants brought to Minnesota long-standing religious traditions of aiding the poor and needy. Beginning in the 1870s, German-Jewish immigrants, followed by Jews from Eastern Europe, founded an array of charitable and philanthropic groups. Women were the prime movers, though men held directors’ roles.

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