Photograph of marchers on a St. Paul street under a Farmers' Holiday sign

Farmers Holiday Association marching from Capitol to demand relief.

Farmers Holiday Association marching from Capitol to demand relief, March 22, 1933. Photograph by the St. Paul Daily News.

Photograph of John B. Bosch

John B. Bosch

John B. Bosch, leader of the Farmers' Holiday Association in Minnesota. c.1915.

Grant County farmers among the marchers to the State Capitol.

Grant County Farmer's Holiday Association among the marchers to the State Capitol, 1935. Photograph by George E. Luxton.

Farmers' Holiday Association in Minnesota

The Farmers' Holiday Association was formed in 1932. The Midwestern organization successfully fought against farm foreclosures with novel strategies like penny auctions, but unsuccessfully lobbied Congress for a federal system that would pay farmers for their crops based on the cost of production.

Sean Kershaw

Sean Kershaw

Sean Kershaw is the current Citizens League executive director and has held the office since 2003

Ted Kolderie

Ted Kolderie

Ted Kolderie, Citizens League executive director from 1967 to 1980

Art Rolnick, Steve Seel, and Rep. Carlos Mariani at a Policy and a Pint session.

Art Rolnick, Steve Seel, and Rep. Carlos Mariani at a Policy and a Pint session.

Art Rolnick, co-director of the Human Capital Research Collaborative at the University of Minnesota and a senior fellow at the Humphrey Institute, left, joins host Steve Seel of The Current and Rep. Carlos Mariani, DFL-St. Paul, at a Policy and a Pint session Monday, July 23, 2012 at the Varsity Theater in Minneapolis to talk about student debt.

Citizens League

Since 1952, the Citizens League has had a major impact on public policies in Minnesota. A group of civic leaders had the idea of inviting leaders from different parts of the community to the table to solve big policy issues. This meant bringing together lawmakers, union leaders, heads of Minnesota companies, and experts from universities and industries. As a group, these experts and leaders would study an issue and then write a research paper they could all agree on. Then they would do the political work required to make their conclusions a reality.

Exterior view of the Socialist Opera building in Virginia, Minnesota.

Socialist Opera House

Exterior view of the Socialist Opera building in Virginia, Minnesota. The grand opening of this building was on April 5-6, 1913. Used with permission from the Immigration History Research Center at the University of Minnesota.

Irene Paull Testifying Before HUAC

Irene Paull Testifying Before HUAC

Irene Levine Paull testifying before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), July 2, 1963.

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