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Striking lumberjacks standing near strike headquarters, Marenisco, Michigan.

Striking lumberjacks standing near strike headquarters, Marenisco, Michigan.

Striking lumberjacks standing near strike headquarters, Marenisco, Michigan, 1937. The Minnesota Timber Workers Union sent its organizers to coordinate the Michigan strike.

Michigan strikers reading bulletin board at strike headquarters, Marenisco, Michigan.

Michigan strikers reading bulletin board at strike headquarters, Marenisco, Michigan.

Michigan strikers reading bulletin board at strike headquarters, Marenisco, Michigan, 1937. The Minnesota Timber Workers Union sent its organizers to coordinate the Michigan strike.

Timber Worker Strikes, 1937

Spurred by a national labor movement and eight years of economic depression, Minnesota timber workers led several strikes in 1937. Their peaceful strikes were successful, winning union recognition, higher wages, and better living conditions.

Socialist Opera House, Virginia

Virginia's Socialist Opera House was one of many halls built in communities across the nation where concentrations of Finnish immigrants had settled. Used for dances, gymnastic performances, and stage plays, the halls also provided meeting places for like-minded Finns, many of them laborers who embraced socialist ideals.

Miners at Troy Mine outside the town of Eveleth

Miners at Troy Mine outside the town of Eveleth

Miners at Troy Mine outside the town of Eveleth on the Mesabi Iron Range, c.1905.

Underground mining on the Mesabi Range

Underground mining on the Mesabi Range

Underground mining on the Mesabi Range, 1906.

Blast hole drilling crew at the Mahoning Mine, Hibbing

Blast hole drilling crew at the Mahoning Mine, Hibbing

Blast hole drilling crew at the Mahoning Mine, Hibbing, 1901. Hibbing is located on the Mesabi Iron Range.

Underground miner, Mesabi Range

Underground miner, Mesabi Range

Underground miner, Mesabi Range, c.1906.

Mesabi Range Strike, 1907

Tired of ethnic discrimination as well as dangerous working conditions, low wages, and long work days, immigrant iron miners on the Mesabi Range in northeastern Minnesota went on strike on July 20, 1907. It was the first organized strike on the state's Iron Range.

Eva McDonald Valesh Cross and her son Frank Morgan Valesh

Eva McDonald Valesh Cross and her son Frank Morgan Valesh

Eva McDonald Valesh Cross and her son Frank Morgan Valesh, c.1950.

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