NFO Holding Actions in Minnesota

Minnesota farmers were active in building the National Farmers Organization (NFO), a populist farm group dedicated to strengthening family farmers’ economic well-being. Unlike other farm groups on both the right (the Farm Bureau) and the left (the Farmers’ Union), the NFO during the 1960s focused on direct economic action.

Black and white photograph of Governor Elmer Benson (center right) at a conference with American Gas Machine Company strike representatives in Albert Lea, 1937.

Elmer Benson with strike representatives

Governor Elmer Benson (center right) at a conference with American Gas Machine Company strike representatives in Albert Lea, 1937.

Black and white photograph of the St. Paul Athletic Club barbershop, c.1925. Photograph by Charles P. Gibson.

St. Paul Athletic Club barbershop

St. Paul Athletic Club barbershop, c.1925. Photograph by Charles P. Gibson.

Black and white photograph of Northwest pilots on strike, 1978.

Northwest pilots on strike

Northwest pilots on strike, 1978.

Color image of demonstrators gathering in St. Paul to show their support for immigrants’ and immigrant-workers’ rights, 2006. Photographed by Mary Turk.

Pro-immigration Rally

Demonstrators gather in St. Paul to show their support for immigrants’ and immigrant-workers’ rights, 2006. Photographed by Mary Turk.

Black and white photograph of Mexican American migrant farm workers harvesting asparagus near Owatonna, c. 1955.

Mexican American workers in Owatonna

Mexican American migrant farm workers harvesting asparagus near Owatonna, c.1955.

Black and white photograph of a Sugar beet worker near Fisher, Minnesota, photographed by Russell Lee in October 1937.

Sugar beet worker

Sugar beet worker near Fisher, Minnesota, 1937. Photographed by Russell Lee.

Color scan of a war map of Minneapolis likely drawn during the Twin Cities Streetcar strike, 1917.

War map of Minneapolis drawn during the Twin Cities Streetcar strike

War map of Minneapolis drawn during the Twin Cities Streetcar strike, 1917. The map was likely drawn by Minnesota Home Guard and Minneapolis police commanders. Original map is in the Edward Karow Scrapbooks, 1917–1925, Manuscript Collection, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.

Black and white photograph of Samuel Gompers, c.1918.

Samuel Gompers

Samuel Gompers, c.1918.

Black and white photograph of union supporters outside the St. Paul Public Library, December 2, 1917.

Union supporters outside the St. Paul Public Library

Union supporters outside the St. Paul Public Library, December 2, 1917.

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