NFO representatives at a press conference held on October 16, 1963.

NFO press conference in Melrose

At a press conference held on October 16, 1963, at Melrose High School, Oren Lee Staley, NFO president; Msgr. E.W. O’Rourke, director of Catholic Rural Life Conference; Rev.Arnold Salchert, Mankato; and Andrew Francis Julig, pastor of St. Mary’s parish, Melrose (left to right) answered questions before a rally supporting organizing farmers in order to compete in the marketplace.

Black and white photograph of NFO farmers and creamery employees ride a bulk truck out to milk dumping site on the Martin Lampi farm near Annandale on March 7, 1963.

NFO farmers and creamery employees

NFO farmers and creamery employees ride a bulk truck to a milk dumping site on the Martin Lampi farm near Annandale on March 7, 1963.

Black and white photograph of milk is dumped ankle deep from a 1,500-gallon bulk NFO truck on the Martin Lampi farm field near Annandale, March 7, 1963.

NFO milk-dumping action in Annandale

Milk is dumped ankle deep from a 1,500-gallon bulk NFO truck on the Martin Lampi farm field near Annandale, March 7, 1963.

Black and white photograph of a crowd of more than a thousand people gathered on March 7, 1963, in front of the Albion French Lake Creamery.

NFO meeting

A crowd of more than a thousand people gathered on March 7, 1963, in front of the Albion French Lake Creamery, five miles southwest of Annandale, to listen to National NFO president Oren Lee Staley express gratitude to supporters and warn of a fight against those who did not support the NFO.

NFO Holding Actions in Minnesota

Minnesota farmers were active in building the National Farmers Organization (NFO), a populist farm group dedicated to strengthening family farmers’ economic well-being. Unlike other farm groups on both the right (the Farm Bureau) and the left (the Farmers’ Union), the NFO during the 1960s focused on direct economic action.

Black and white photograph of Governor Elmer Benson (center right) at a conference with American Gas Machine Company strike representatives in Albert Lea, 1937.

Elmer Benson with strike representatives

Governor Elmer Benson (center right) at a conference with American Gas Machine Company strike representatives in Albert Lea, 1937.

Black and white photograph of the St. Paul Athletic Club barbershop, c.1925. Photograph by Charles P. Gibson.

St. Paul Athletic Club barbershop

St. Paul Athletic Club barbershop, c.1925. Photograph by Charles P. Gibson.

Black and white photograph of Northwest pilots on strike, 1978.

Northwest pilots on strike

Northwest pilots on strike, 1978.

Color image of demonstrators gathering in St. Paul to show their support for immigrants’ and immigrant-workers’ rights, 2006. Photographed by Mary Turk.

Pro-immigration Rally

Demonstrators gather in St. Paul to show their support for immigrants’ and immigrant-workers’ rights, 2006. Photographed by Mary Turk.

Black and white photograph of Mexican American migrant farm workers harvesting asparagus near Owatonna, c. 1955.

Mexican American workers in Owatonna

Mexican American migrant farm workers harvesting asparagus near Owatonna, c.1955.

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