Johnson, Nellie Stone (1905–2002)

Nellie Stone Johnson was an African American union and civil rights leader whose career spanned the class-conscious politics of the 1930s and the liberal reforms of the Minnesota DFL Party. She believed unions and education were paths to economic security for African Americans, including women. Her self-reliant personality and pragmatic politics sustained her long and active life.

Black and white photograph of Congressman John T. Bernard at Mesaba Co-op Park, 1938.

Congressman John T. Bernard at Mesaba Co-op Park

Congressman John T. Bernard at Mesaba Co-op Park, 1938. Image used with the permission of the Iron Range Research Center, Chisholm.

Black and white photograph of John T. Bernard and his daughter, Marie, c.1930s.

John T. Bernard and Marie Bernard

John T. Bernard and his daughter, Marie, c.1930s.

Black and white photograph of John T. Bernard, c.1938.

John T. Bernard

John T. Bernard, c.1938. Photograph is from the John Bernard papers, Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul.

Bernard, John Toussaint (1893–1983)

Minnesota Congressman John T. Bernard fought throughout his life for working people against strong opposition. His outspoken and uncompromising views led him, on his second day in office, to cast the single “no” vote in Congress against the Spanish arms embargo. Bernard’s vote proved farsighted as the Spanish Civil War became, in many ways, a “dress rehearsal” for World War II.

Black and white photograph of Frank Little, c.1915. Little was an IWW organizer involved in the Mesabi Range Strike of 1916.

Frank Little

Frank Little, c.1915. Little was an IWW organizer involved in the Mesabi Range Strike of 1916.

Black and white photograph of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, c.1915. Flynn was an IWW organizer and speaker during the Mesabi Range Strike of 1916.

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, c.1915. Flynn was an IWW organizer and speaker during the Mesabi Range Strike of 1916.

Black and white photograph of Carlo Tresca, c.1910. Tresca was an IWW leader during the Mesabi Range Strike of 1916.

Carlo Tresca

Carlo Tresca, c.1910. Tresca was an IWW leader during the Mesabi Range Strike of 1916.

Black and white pro-I.W.W. cartoon printed in the newspaper Solidarity on July 1, 1916.

Pro-I.W.W. cartoon

Pro-I.W.W. cartoon printed in the newspaper Solidarity on July 1, 1916. Cartoon is from Betten, Neil. “Riot, Revolution, Repression in the Iron Range Strike of 1916.” Minnesota History 51, no. 2 (1988): 63–74.

Black and white anti-I.W.W. cartoon printed in the Duluth News Tribune on July 5, 1916.

“I.W.W. agitator” cartoon

Anti-I.W.W. cartoon printed in the Duluth News Tribune on July 5, 1916. Cartoon is from Eleff, Robert M. “The 1916 Minnesota Miners’ Strike Against U.S. Steel.” Minnesota History 51, no. 2 (1988): 63–74.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Labor