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Citizens League

Since 1952, the Citizens League has had a major impact on public policies in Minnesota. A group of civic leaders had the idea of inviting leaders from different parts of the community to the table to solve big policy issues. This meant bringing together lawmakers, union leaders, heads of Minnesota companies, and experts from universities and industries. As a group, these experts and leaders would study an issue and then write a research paper they could all agree on. Then they would do the political work required to make their conclusions a reality.

Exterior view of the Socialist Opera building in Virginia, Minnesota.

Socialist Opera House

Exterior view of the Socialist Opera building in Virginia, Minnesota. The grand opening of this building was on April 5-6, 1913. Used with permission from the Immigration History Research Center at the University of Minnesota.

Irene Paull Testifying Before HUAC

Irene Paull Testifying Before HUAC

Irene Levine Paull testifying before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), July 2, 1963.

Irene Paull as a child with her siblings

Irene Paull as a child with her siblings

Irene Levine Paull (right) as a child with her siblings Sam and Etta, c.1915.

Paull, Irene Levine (1908–1981)

Writer and activist Irene Levine Paull was born in Duluth to Jewish parents. Faced with discrimination because of her ethnicity, gender, and political views, Paull fought for the rights of people who were oppressed.

Fred LeQuier, President of the International Workers Association.

Fred LeQuier, President of the International Workers Association.

Fred LeQuier, President of the International Workers Association and organizer of the Timber Workers Union c.1930. LeQuier (also spelled Lequier) was the first president of the Timber Workers Union, when it was affiliated with the American Federation of Labor.

Timber workers during strike?

Timber workers during strike?

Timber workers, potentially during strike 1930–1939.

Timber workers during strike?

Timber workers during strike?

Timber workers, potentially during strike 1930–1939.

 Ilmar Koivunen (right) with Ernest Tomberg.

Ilmar Koivunen (right) with Ernest Tomberg.

Ilmar Koivunen (right) with Ernest Tomberg, 1938. Koivunen became president of the Timber Workers Union in 1937.

Striking lumberjacks standing near strike headquarters, Marenisco, Michigan.

Striking lumberjacks standing near strike headquarters, Marenisco, Michigan.

Striking lumberjacks standing near strike headquarters, Marenisco, Michigan, 1937. The Minnesota Timber Workers Union sent its organizers to coordinate the Michigan strike.

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