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Wheaton, John Francis (1866–1922)

John Francis (J. Frank) Wheaton, a Twin Cities lawyer and orator, became the first African American elected to serve in the Minnesota legislature in 1898. A target of racial prejudice throughout his life, Wheaton believed in the political process as a means to improve the state’s civil rights laws.

Fort Snelling in the Expansionist Era, 1819–1858

The U.S. Army built Fort Snelling between 1820 and 1825 to protect American interests in the fur trade. It tasked the fort’s troops with deterring advances by the British in Canada, enforcing boundaries between the region’s American Indian nations, and preventing Euro-American immigrants from intruding on American Indian land. In these early years and until its temporary closure in 1858, Fort Snelling was a place where diverse people interacted and shaped the future state of Minnesota.

Black and white photograph of Melvin J. Maas with daughter Patricia and wife Katherine, 1952.

Melvin J. Maas with daughter Patricia and wife Katherine

Melvin J. Maas with daughter Patricia and wife Katherine, 1952.

Color image of Maas for Congress campaign poster, 1934.

Maas for Congress campaign poster

Maas for Congress campaign poster, 1934.

Black and white photograph of Congressman Melvin Maas (right) with a disabled constituent, 1930.

Congressman Melvin Maas (right) with a disabled constituent

Congressman Melvin Maas (right) with a disabled constituent, 1930.

Cartoon portrait of Maas from St. Paul Daily News January 9, 1926.

Cartoon portrait of Melvin Maas

Cartoon portrait of Maas from St. Paul Daily News, January 9, 1926.

Black and white photograph of Melvin J. Maas, 1925.

Melvin J. Maas

Melvin J. Maas, 1925.

Black and white photograph of Melvin Maas from St. Paul Central High School yearbook, 1916.

Melvin Maas high school portrait

Portrait of Melvin Maas from the 1916 edition of St. Paul Central High School's yearbook The Senior Annual.

Black and white photograph of Melvin Maas, 1931.

Melvin Maas

Melvin Maas, 1931.

Maas, Melvin (1898–1964)

Though he lived in a Democratic city and a Democratic political era—the Great Depression and World War II—the conservative Republican Melvin Maas represented St. Paul in Congress from 1927 to 1945, with one short interruption. He also received two World War II combat decorations, was awarded a Carnegie Hero Fund medal, and served the public for two decades after leaving politics.

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