A resource for reliable information about significant people, places, events, and things in Minnesota history.
In 1854 legislators in St. Paul requested a grant from the federal government to create a rail line across Minnesota Territory. Public outcry led to scandal and the repeal of the territory's first land grant bill.
Joseph Rolette portrayed as a Métis in a pastel by an unknown artist, c.1890.
Angélique Jerome Rolette, wife of Joseph Rolette, c.1880.
Fur Trade fort at Pembina with Red River Trail oxcarts in the foreground, 1860.
Red River Carts encamped, 1858.
Rolette (standing) with business associates Henry Hastings Sibley (right), and possibly Franklin Steele (left), c.1857. Uploaded by Wikimedia Commons user Bobak.
Red River Carts loading supplies at a trading house in St. Paul, 1854.
British percussion double barrel shotgun used by Rolette, c.1850–1871.
Joseph Rolette as a young businessman and trader, c.1841.
Joseph Rolette in the garb of a fur trader, c.1860.
Made possible by the Arts and Cultural Heritage Fund through the vote of Minnesotans on November 4, 2008. Administered by the Minnesota Historical Society.
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