William Williams in the county jail, 1905

William Williams in the county jail, 1905

Photograph of William Williams. Williams was tried, convicted, and executed for killing his estranged lover, Johnny Keller, and Johnny’s mother Mary. Photo taken by a St. Paul Dispatch photographer in the county jail on April 13, 1905. Image reproduced from microfilm at the Minnesota Historical Society with permission from the St. Paul Pioneer Press.

Frank B. Kellogg being sworn in as Secretary of State, Washington, D.C.

Frank B. Kellogg being sworn in as Secretary of State, Washington, D.C.

Kellogg being sworn in as Secretary of State, 1925

Frank B. Kellogg posed by the ruins of his old home in Olmsted County

Frank B. Kellogg posed by the ruins of his old home in Olmsted County

Kellogg posed next to the ruins of his former home in Olmsted County, c. 1922

Frank B. Kellogg

Frank B. Kellogg

Frank B. Kellogg, c. 1931

Kellogg, Frank Billings (1856–1937)

Trustbuster, Senator, Secretary of State, Nobel Laureate, and World Court judge, Frank Kellogg rose from a small farm in Olmsted County to being the highest-ranking diplomat in the United States. He is remembered as one of the authors of the 1928 Pact of Paris, a multi-lateral treaty that renounced aggressive war as a matter of national policy.

Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association

From 1881 to 1920, the Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association (MWSA) struggled to secure women's right to vote. Its members organized marches, wrote petitions and letters, gathered signatures, gave speeches, and published pamphlets and broadsheets to force the Minnesota legislature to recognize their right to vote. Due to their efforts, the Minnesota Legislature approved the Nineteenth Amendment in 1919.

Fragment of execution rope

Fragment of execution rope

Fragment of execution rope used to hang William Williams in 1906. The rope was too long, causing a slow, grisly death and prompting Minnesota to end the death penalty. Williams was the last person to be executed in Minnesota.

Execution of William Williams, 1906

The botched execution of William Williams was the last in Minnesota. After newspapers broke state law to report on the event, public opinion turned firmly against the death penalty, and it was repealed in 1911.

MN90: Minnesota's Most Controversial Piece of Land

The one million acres of land and water bordering Minnesota and Canada called the Boundary Waters Canoe Area, or BWCA, began to be set aside for preservation purposes in 1902. MN90 producer Marisa Helms recounts some of its history.

Ignatius Donnelly

Ignatius Donnelly 1888

Ignatius Donnelly, 1888. Photographer: Sarony. Donnelly managed membership recruitment for the Farmers' Alliance starting in 1889

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