Sibley, Henry H. (1811–1891)

Henry Hastings Sibley occupied the stage of Minnesota history for fifty-six active years. He was the territory's first representative in Congress (1849–1853) and the state's first governor (1858–1860). In 1862 he led a volunteer army against the Dakota under Taoyateduta (Little Crow IV). After his victory at Wood Lake and his rescue of more than two hundred white prisoners, he was made a brigadier general in the Union Army.

Black and white photograph of Howard Kahn, City Editor of the St. Paul Daily News (far right) with Webb Miller of United Press (center) and J. N. Jackson, President of the St. Paul Association

Howard Kahn, City Editor of the St. Paul Daily News (far right) with Webb Miller (center) and J. N. Jackson

Howard Kahn (far right), 1936. Through his editorial efforts, Kahn helped bring about the end of the layover agreement. Photograph by the St. Paul Daily News.

Black and white photo print of police chief John O'Connor, c. 1900.

John J. O'Connor, Chief of the St. Paul Police Department

Police chief John O'Connor, c.1900.

Black and white photograph of John O'Connor during the height of his power in St. Paul, c.1912.

John O'Connor, Chief of St. Paul Police

John O'Connor during the height of his power in St. Paul, c.1912.

O'Connor Layover Agreement

The O'Connor layover agreement was instituted by John O'Connor shortly after his promotion from St. Paul Detective to Chief of Police on June 1, 1900. It allowed criminals to stay in the city under three conditions: that they checked-in with police upon their arrival; agreed to pay bribes to city officials; and committed no major crimes in the city of St. Paul. This arrangement lasted for almost forty years, ending when rampant corruption forced crusading local citizens and the federal government to step in.

Michael J. Dowling Silent Film

Michael Dowling, a Minnesota politician, newspaper publisher, businessmen, and spokesperson for those with physical disabilities lost both legs, most of one arm and part of another to frostbite when he was young. During and after World War I Dowling crusaded for the rehabilitation of veterans disabled during the war. This film clip, first shown at a meeting of the American Medical Association in 1918, graphically demonstrates how Mr. Dowling was able to function very successfully in spite of his handicap. He is shown driving a car, traveling, and conducting regular business operations.

Michael J. Dowling Silent Film

Michael Dowling, a Minnesota politician, newspaper publisher, businessmen, and spokesperson for those with physical disabilities lost both legs, most of one arm and part of another to frostbite when he was young. During and after World War I Dowling crusaded for the rehabilitation of veterans disabled during the war. This film clip, first shown at a meeting of the American Medical Association in 1918, graphically demonstrates how Mr. Dowling was able to function very successfully in spite of his handicap. He is shown driving a car, traveling, and conducting regular business operations.

Michael J. Dowling Silent Film

Michael Dowling, a Minnesota politician, newspaper publisher, businessmen, and spokesperson for those with physical disabilities lost both legs, most of one arm and part of another to frostbite when he was young. During and after World War I Dowling crusaded for the rehabilitation of veterans disabled during the war. This film clip, first shown at a meeting of the American Medical Association in 1918, graphically demonstrates how Mr. Dowling was able to function very successfully in spite of his handicap. He is shown driving a car, traveling, and conducting regular business operations.

Color image of Commission of Public Safety Order No. 37, June 4, 1918.

Minnesota Commission of Public Safety Order No. 37

Commission of Public Safety Order No. 37, June 4, 1918. This order mandated that every able bodied man in the state of Minnesota that was not in the military had to be employed in a useful occupation.

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