Smith Act Trial

In 1941, Minneapolis leftists from the Socialist Workers Party and Teamsters union local 544 were accused of conspiracy to overthrow the government under the Alien Registration Act. Twenty-eight were indicted; eighteen were convicted and sentenced to prison.

Black and white photograph of Dr. Albert Alonzo Ames, ca. 1905.

Dr. Albert A. Ames

Dr. Albert Alonzo Ames, ca. 1905.

Black and white photograph of Dr. Albert Alonzo Ames, ca. 1890.

Dr. Albert Alonzo Ames

Dr. Albert Alonzo Ames, ca. 1890.

Ames, Albert Alonzo “Doc” (1842–1911)

Albert Alonzo Ames, called “Doc,” was mayor of Minneapolis four times, between 1876 and 1903.Though he earned notoriety as “the shame of Minneapolis” for his involvement in extortion and fraud during his last term in office, Ames also won praise for his work as a doctor and an advocate for veterans.

Black and white photograph of the National Guard with machine gun mounted on a truck, Minneapolis, 1934.

National Guard with machine gun mounted on a truck

National Guard with machine gun mounted on a truck, Minneapolis, 1934.

Black and white photograph of the National Guard seated along street curb, Minneapolis, 1934.

National Guard seated along street curb

National Guard seated along street curb, Minneapolis, 1934.

Black and white photograph of the National Guard setting up road blocks, Minneapolis, 1934.

National Guard setting up road blocks

National Guard setting up road blocks, Minneapolis, 1934.

Black and white photograph of Socialist Workers Party Members, ca. 1941.

Socialist Workers Party Members

Socialist Workers Party Members, ca. 1941.

Black and white photograph of a Socialist Workers Party meeting, ca. 1940. Vincent R. Dunne and Grace Carlson sit in the center of the front row.

Socialist Workers Party meeting

A Socialist Workers Party meeting, ca. 1940. Vincent R. Dunne and Grace Carlson sit in the center of the front row.

Black and white photograph of Vincent Dunne (left), James P. Cannon (center), and Arne Swabeck (right) in Los Angeles, August, 1954.

Vincent R. Dunne, James P. Cannon, and Arne Swabeck

Vincent Dunne (left), James P. Cannon (center), and Arne Swabeck (right) in Los Angeles, August, 1954.

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