Fragment of execution rope used to hang William Williams in 1906. The rope was too long, causing a slow, grisly death and prompting Minnesota to end the death penalty. Williams was the last person to be executed in Minnesota.
The Farmers' Holiday Association was formed in 1932. The Midwestern organization successfully fought against farm foreclosures with novel strategies like penny auctions, but unsuccessfully lobbied Congress for a federal system that would pay farmers for their crops based on the cost of production.