Members of the Home Guard, December, 1917. The Home Guard was created by an order of the Public Safety Commission after Minnesota's National Guard units were federalized. Though the Home Guard helped citizens in need, it was also used by the Minnesota Commission of Public Safety to break strikes and police the citizenry.
The Minnesota Commission of Public Safety (MCPS) was a watchdog group created in 1917. Its purpose was to mobilize the state's resources during World War I. During a two-year reign its members enacted policies intended to protect the state from foreign threats. They also used broad political power and a sweeping definition of disloyalty to thwart those who disagreed with them.
In the late nineteenth century, Minnesota was rife with political discontent. A national movement to support the interests of working people against elites took hold at a local level. Crusading figures like Ignatius Donnelly challenged the power of big business and wealthy tycoons. The movement, called populism, arose from the people's urge for reform. It shaped the young state's politics for close to three decades.