Color image of Demonstrators gather at the State Capitol in St. Paul to show their support of Minnesota Amendment 1. Photographed on May 20, 2011, by Flickr user Tom Morris.

Amendment supporters at the State Capitol

Demonstrators gather at the State Capitol in St. Paul to show their support of Minnesota Amendment 1. Photographed on May 20, 2011, by Flickr user Tom Morris.

Color image of demonstrators gathered at the State Capitol in St. Paul to show their opposition to Minnesota Amendment 1. Photographed on May 20, 2011, by Flickr user Flickr user Fibonacci Blue.

Amendment opponents at the State Capitol

Demonstrators gather at the State Capitol in St. Paul to show their opposition to Minnesota Amendment 1. Photographed on May 20, 2011, by Flickr user Fibonacci Blue.

Color image of Minnesota Representative Terry Morrow (DFL) speaking on the House floor against SF 1308, 2011.

Representative Terry Morrow (DFL)

Minnesota Representative Terry Morrow (DFL) speaks on the House floor against SF 1308, a bill that asked Minnesota voters to vote to ban same-sex marriages in Minnesota via a constitutional amendment. Photographed on May 20, 2011, by Flickr user Tony Webster.

Minnesota Amendment 1

On November 6, 2013, Minnesota voters rejected a proposed amendment to the state’s constitution. Minnesota Amendment 1, also called the Minnesota Marriage Amendment, would have limited marriage to heterosexual couples. When the amendment failed to pass, Minnesota became the first and only state to reject a same-sex marriage ban through the will of voters rather than a court ruling.

Black and white photograph of John McGee, 1918.

John McGee

John McGee, 1918. Photograph by the Lee Brothers.

McGee, John Franklin (1861–1925)

Conservative lawyer John F. McGee was the dominant personality on the Minnesota Commission of Public Safety, the body that governed Minnesota during World War I. Under McGee’s leadership, the commission demanded unquestioning support for the war effort and suppressed possible German American dissent. After the war, McGee became a federal judge who was well known for the heavy sentences he imposed on bootleggers.

Black and white photograph of Grier M. Orr, ca. 1917.

Judge Grier M. Orr

Judge Grier M. Orr, ca. 1917. Orr was an early member of the St. Paul NAACP.

Black and white photograph of Joseph Alfred Arner Burnquist, ca. 1913.

J.A.A. Burnquist

Joseph Alfred Arner Burnquist, ca. 1913. Burnquist was governor of Minnesota from 1915 to 1921. He also served as president of the St. Paul chapter of the NAACP in the 1910s.

Color image of a "Beat the Machine - Support Eugene" poster,1968.

"Beat the Machine - Support Eugene" poster

"Beat the Machine - Support Eugene" poster, 1968.

Black and white photograph of Eugene and Abigail McCarthy, 1958.

Eugene and Abigail McCarthy

Eugene and Abigail McCarthy, 1958. Photograph by Don Berg.

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