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The Progressive Era in Minnesota, 1899–1920

The growth of cities and industry in the late nineteenth century brought sweeping changes to American society. Minneapolis and Saint Paul grew rapidly. Urban labor provided new opportunities for Minnesotans as well as new challenges. Business practices and labor rights became topics of heated debate. The Progressive movement spread amid growing concerns about the place of ordinary Americans in the new urban landscape.

Black and white photograph of Ignatius Donnelly, c.1885.

Ignatius Donnelly, c.1885

Ignatius Donnelly, c.1885. Photograph by Charles A. Zimmerman.

Black and white photograph of Ignatius Donnelly, 1898.

Ignatius Donnelly, 1898

Ignatius Donnelly, 1898.

Oil-on-canvas portrait of Ignatius Donnelly, 1891.

Portrait of Ignatius Donnelly

Oil-on-canvas portrait of Ignatius Donnelly, 1891. Painted by artist Nicholas Richard Brewer.

Black and white photograph of Ignatius Donnelly, c.1880.

Ignatius Donnelly, c.1880

Ignatius Donnelly, c.1880. Photograph by Charles A. Zimmerman.

Donnelly, Ignatius (1831–1901)

Ignatius Donnelly was the most widely known Minnesotan of the nineteenth century. As a writer, orator, and social thinker, he enjoyed fame in the U.S. and overseas. As a politician he was the nation's most articulate spokesman for Midwestern populism. Though the highest office he held was that of U.S. congressman, he shaped Minnesota politics for more than thirty years.

Black and white photograph of former Indian Agent Thomas Galbraith, c.1885.

Thomas Galbraith

Former Indian Agent Thomas Galbraith, c.1885.

Black and white photo print of Dakota Indian Treaty Delegation, c.1858.

Dakota Indian Treaty Delegation

Dakota Indian Treaty Delegation, c.1858. It was during these negotiations that the Dakota were forced into ceding half of their land along the Minnesota River.

Black and white daguerreotype of Sarah Jane Steele Sibley, wife of Henry H. Sibley, c.1848.

Daguerreotype of Sarah Jane Steele Sibley

Daguerreotype of Sarah Jane Steele Sibley, wife of Henry H. Sibley, c.1848.

Black and white photograph of Henry H. Sibley while he was the director of the St. Paul Chamber of Commerce, 1889.

Henry H. Sibley, director of the St. Paul Chamber of Commerce

Henry H. Sibley while he was the director of the St. Paul Chamber of Commerce, 1889.

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