The Missionaries of Red Wing, 1837–1852

During a fifteen-year span beginning in 1837, a series of Christian missionaries moved into the Mdewakanton Dakota village of Red Wing. Their goals, in the language of the day, were the "education and civilization" of the Indians. Welcomed by some of their hosts and tolerated by others, these Euro-Americans attempted to convince the Mdewakanton to adopt the ways of the whites.

photograph of convent building

St. Peter Claver Catholic Convent, 389 North Oxford, St. Paul.

St. Peter Claver Catholic Convent, 1975.

photograph featuring class pictures of the students and teacher of St. Peter Claver's second grade class

Second grade class, St. Peter Claver, St. Paul

Second grade class, St. Peter Claver, St. Paul, 1959-1960.

photograph of crowd at school dedication

Dedication of St. Peter Claver Roman Catholic School, 1060 West Central, St. Paul.

Dedication of St. Peter Claver Roman Catholic School, 1950.

Photograph of church choir members on the steps of St. Peter Claver.

African American choir of St. Peter Claver Church, St. Paul

Members of the St. Peter Claver Church Choir with their leader, Fr. John Andrzejewski.

photograph of the altar and main aisle of St. Peter Claver

Interior, St. Peter Claver, St. Paul

Interior, St. Peter Claver Church, St. Paul, c. 1916.

St. Peter Claver Church, St. Paul

Founded in 1888, St. Peter Claver Church was the first African American Catholic Church in Minnesota. The parish was created by St. Paul’s African American Catholic community and an Archbishop who vowed to “blot out the color line.”

MN90: At home on the Iron Range – Restoring a Jewish legacy in Virginia, MN

MN90: At home on the Iron Range – Restoring a Jewish legacy in Virginia, MN

1909 Photograph showing the B'nai Abraham Synagogue under construction

Construction of B'nai Abraham synagogue in Virginia

Construction of B'nai Abraham synagogue in Virginia, 1909.

B'nai Abraham Synagogue, Virginia

Dedicated in 1909, the red brick synagogue of Virginia's B'nai Abraham congregation was called the most beautiful religious building on the Iron Range. In the early twentieth century, the synagogue was the heart of Virginia's Jewish community. A declining congregation forced the synagogue to close its doors in the mid-1990s. However, community support and renovations have made B'nai Abraham a center of Virginia's cultural life once again.

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