Color image of St. Mark’s African Methodist Episcopal Church, Duluth, 2001.

St. Mark’s African Methodist Episcopal Church, Duluth

St. Mark’s African Methodist Episcopal Church, Duluth, 2001.

St. Mark’s AME Church

St. Mark’s African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church has played a central role in Duluth’s African American community for over 125 years. While other black organizations have dissolved or moved to the Twin Cities, St. Mark’s has been a mainstay.

Black and white photograph of Agnes Keenan (left) and her sister, Anna Keenan (Sister Immaculata, CSJ), c.1960. From the Agnes Keenan Collection. St. Catherine University Archives, St. Paul.

Agnes Keenan (left) and her sister, Anna Keenan (Sister Immaculata, CSJ)

Agnes Keenan (left) and her sister, Anna Keenan (Sister Immaculata, CSJ), c.1960. From the Agnes Keenan Collection. St. Catherine University Archives, St. Paul.

Black and white photograph of Agnes Keenan, c.1945. From the Agnes Keenan Collection. St. Catherine University Archives, St. Paul.

Professor Agnes Keenan

Agnes Keenan, c.1945. From the Agnes Keenan Collection. St. Catherine University Archives, St. Paul.

Black and white photograph of Agnes Keenan in her office, c.1950. From the Agnes Keenan Collection. St. Catherine University Archives, St. Paul.

Agnes Keenan in her office

Agnes Keenan in her office, c.1950. From the Agnes Keenan Collection. St. Catherine University Archives, St. Paul.

Black and white photograph of Sister Mary William Brady, Agnes Keenan, and Sister Maris Stella Smith (later Sister Alice Smith), 1961.

Sister Mary William Brady, Agnes Keenan, and Sister Maris Stella

From left to right: Sister Mary William Brady, Agnes Keenan, and Sister Maris Stella Smith (later Sister Alice Smith), 1961. From the Agnes Keenan Collection. St. Catherine University Archives, St. Paul.

Black and white photograph of Agnes Keenan, c.1975. From the Agnes Keenan Collection. St. Catherine University Archives, St. Paul.

Agnes Keenan

Agnes Keenan, c.1975. From the Agnes Keenan Collection. St. Catherine University Archives, St. Paul.

Keenan, Agnes (1910–1979)

Agnes Keenan’s name is among the most prominent in the history of St. Catherine’s College—the school that became St. Catherine University. Although she was born in Aberdeen, South Dakota, in 1910, Keenan spent most of her life in St. Paul working as a teacher and community leader.

Black and white photograph of Arthur and Fanny Brin, undated. From the Arthur Brin and family papers (1891–1988) in the Manuscript Collection of the Minnesota Historical Society.

Arthur and Fanny Brin

Arthur and Fanny Brin, undated. From the Arthur Brin and family papers (1891–1988) in the Manuscript Collection of the Minnesota Historical Society.

Brin, Fanny Fligelman (1884–1961)

Fanny Fligelman Brin devoted her life to the causes of world peace, democracy, social justice, and Jewish welfare. Her long career as a peace activist included involvement with the National Council of Jewish Women, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, and the National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War, among others.

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