Black and white photograph of Hill 609 in Tunisia, c.1943.

Hill 609 in Tunisia

Hill 609 in Tunisia as soldiers from the Thirty-fourth saw it from the west. Photograph is from the Rick Atkinson Collection.

Black and white photograph of the Thirty-fourth Infantry Division arriving in Belfast, Northern Ireland, 1942.

The Thirty-fourth Infantry Division arriving in Belfast, Northern Ireland

The first contingent of Thirty-fourth Infantry Division personnel arriving in Belfast, Northern Ireland, on January 25, 1942. Milburn Henke of Hutchinson, Minnesota, was first off the boat. British papers called him the first Yank to land in Europe. Photograph by the U.S. Army.

Black and white photograph of the H.M.T. Strathaird, c.1942.

H.M.T. Strathaird

H.M.T. Strathaird, c.1942. The Strathaird transported the initial elements of the Thirty-fourth Division to Northern Ireland in January 1942. The Thirty-fourth was the first US army division to be sent to the European Theater. Photograph by Oliver Stivers of the 151st Field Artillery.

Black and white photograph of Thirty-fourth soldiers at Camp Cody, New Mexico, form an “animated” image of their shoulder insignia, just prior to their departure from camp, August 18, 1918.

Soldiers at Camp Cody creating animated “Red Bull” Insignia

Thirty-fourth soldiers at Camp Cody, New Mexico, form an “animated” image of their shoulder insignia, just prior to their departure from camp, August 18, 1918. Photograph by Almeron Newman.

Black and white photograph of Camp Cody, Deming, New Mexico, 1917.

Camp Cody, Deming, New Mexico

Camp Cody, Deming, New Mexico, 1917. Home to the Thirty-fourth Division from August 1917 to August 1918. Image provided by the Minnesota Military Museum.

Color image of a Red Bull Shoulder Patch.

Red Bull Shoulder Patch

A red steer skull on a black Mexican water jar (“olla"), created in 1917 while the new division trained at Camp Cody, NM, not far from the Mexican border. During World War II, German soldiers in Italy referred to the Americans who wore the patch as "Red Devils" or "Red Bulls." The latter name stuck, and the division adopted it officially, replacing its World War I nickname of "Sandstorm Division."

Thirty-fourth “Red Bull” Infantry Division

The Thirty-fourth “Red Bull” Infantry Division is a U.S. Army National Guard division based in Minnesota. It had more days in combat during World War II than any other American division. Since September 11, 2001, “Red Bulls” have deployed where needed in the world, including Afghanistan and Iraq.

Black and white photograph of the statue of Germania being removed from the Germania Building, St. Paul, 1918.

Statue of Germania being removed from the Germania Building, St. Paul

Statue of Germania being removed from the Germania Building, St. Paul, 1918.

Black and white photograph of men tarred and feathered in Minnesota during 1918 campaign by anti-Nonpartisan Leaguers,  c.1918.

Men tarred and feathered by anti-Nonpartisan Leaguers

Men tarred and feathered in Minnesota during 1918 campaign by anti-Nonpartisan Leaguers, c.1918.

Anti-German Nativism, 1917–1919

When the United States entered World War I in 1917, Germans were the single largest ethnic group in Minnesota. Nativism during this period was a “patriotic” attitude that saw recent immigrants—particularly those of German descent— as potentially traitorous. Many felt that because German Americans shared their heritage with the Kaiser and the German Empire, they would side with the enemy power. That many German Americans advocated neutrality until the U.S. declared war was further proof of disloyalty to nativists.

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