1898 Typhoid Epidemic

In 1898, 400 members of the Fifteenth Minnesota Volunteer Infantry were hospitalized with typhoid after camping at the Minnesota State Fairgrounds. U.S. Army Surgeons decided the epidemic's source was the public water of Minneapolis.

Drawing of Joseph Godfrey

Drawing of Joseph Godfrey

Hand-drawn image of Godfrey by Robert O. Sweeny from the time of the trials in 1862.

Godfrey, Joseph (c.1830–1909)

The U.S.–Dakota War of 1862 was a turning point in Minnesota history. Joseph Godfrey, an escaped slave, joined the Dakota in their fight against white settlers that summer and fall. He was one of only two African Americans to do so.

Surviving members of the 6th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry in 1897. Robert K. Boyd and other Birch Coulee veterans are pictured.

Survivors members of Company F, 6th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry at the home of Captain Horace B. Wilson at Red Wing

Surviving members of the 6th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry in 1897. Robert K. Boyd and other Birch Coulee veterans are pictured.

Birch Coulee Monument in Renville County, c. 1900.

Birch Coulee Monument, Renville County

Birch Coulee Monument in Renville County, c. 1900.

U.S. Model 1841 Percussion Rifle. This rifle was struck by a bullet and disabled during the Battle of Birch Coulee.

US Model 1841 "Mississippi" rifle

U.S. Model 1841 Percussion Rifle. This rifle was struck by a bullet and disabled during the Battle of Birch Coulee.

Joseph Anderson, who claimed that the command was his, criticized the choice of campsite.

Joseph Anderson

Joseph Anderson, who claimed that the command was his, criticized the choice of campsite.

Joseph R. Brown, nominal leader of the burial party, c. 1853.

Joseph Renshaw Brown

Joseph R. Brown, nominal leader of the burial party, c. 1853.

Big Eagle, one of the Dakota leaders at the Battle, c. 1863.

Big Eagle, leader in the U.S.-Dakota War

Big Eagle, one of the Dakota leaders at the Battle, c. 1863.

Lithograph interpretation of the Battle of Birch Coulee, 1912.

The Battle of Birch Coulee

Lithograph interpretation of the Battle of Birch Coulee, 1912.

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