Birch Coulee Monument in Renville County, c.1900.

Birch Coulee Monument, Renville County

Birch Coulee Monument in Renville County, c.1900.

U.S. Model 1841 Percussion Rifle. This rifle was struck by a bullet and disabled during the Battle of Birch Coulee.

US Model 1841 "Mississippi" rifle

U.S. Model 1841 Percussion Rifle. This rifle was struck by a bullet and disabled during the Battle of Birch Coulee.

Joseph Anderson, who claimed that the command was his, criticized the choice of campsite.

Joseph Anderson

Joseph Anderson, 1863. Anderson claimed that the command was his, criticized the choice of campsite.

Joseph R. Brown, nominal leader of the burial party, c. 1853.

Joseph Renshaw Brown

Joseph R. Brown, nominal leader of the burial party, c.1853.

Lithograph interpretation of the Battle of Birch Coulee, 1912.

The Battle of Birch Coulee

Lithograph interpretation of the Battle of Birch Coulee, 1912.

The Battle of Birch Coulee, September 2–3, 1862

The Battle of Birch Coulee, fought between September 2 and 3, 1862, was the worst defeat the United States suffered and the Dakotas' most successful engagement during the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862. Over thirty hours, approximately two hundred Dakota soldiers pinned down a Union force of 150 newly recruited U.S. volunteers, militia, and civilians from the area, holding them until Henry Sibley's main army arrived.

MN90: Minnesota's Civil War Mettle

MN90 producer Marisa Helms describes the creation of the First Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment in 1861 and highlights its actions at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. Includes an interview with Matthew Cassady of Historic Fort Snelling.

First Minnesota monument at Gettysburg

First Minnesota monument at Gettysburg

First Minnesota monument at Gettysburg, c.1945. Erected by the State of Minnesota on the spot near Cemetery Ridge where on July 2, 1863, the regiment held the Union line against advancing Confederate soldiers.

Survivors of the First Minnesota at Gettysburg

Survivors of the First Minnesota at Gettysburg

Survivors of the First Minnesota at Gettysburg, c.1913. Photograph by W. H. Tipton.

Battle flag of the Twenty-Eighth Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Battle flag of the Twenty-Eighth Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment

The Army of Northern Virginia Confederate battle flag of the Twenty-Eighth Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Captured by Private Marshall Sherman of St. Paul while serving with the First Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Company C, during Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863.

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