Black and white photograph of a Thirty-fourth Infantry Division officer scanning German movements on the approach to Casino, 1944.

Thirty-fourth Infantry Division officer scans German movements on the approach to Casino

From a mountain perch, a Thirty-fourth Infantry Division officer scans German movements on the approach to Cassino, January 1944. Photograph by the U.S. Army.

“The Red Bull in the Winter Line,” painted by by Donna Neary, c.1988.

“The Red Bull in the Winter Line”

“The Red Bull in the Winter Line,” painted by by Donna Neary, c.1988. The painting depicts close-in combat by the First Battalion, 168th Infantry, Thirty-fourth Division, during its five-day assault on Mount Pantano, November 1943. The painting forms part of the National Guard’s Heritage Series at the National Guard Bureau.

Black and white photograph of U.S. Soldiers of the Thirty-fourth Division marching through Tunis, 1943.

U.S. Soldiers of the Thirty-fourth Division marching through Tunis

American soldiers from the Thirty-fourth Infantry Division march through Tunis in the victory parade on May 20, 1943. Patton complained that “our men do not put up a good show in reviews”; thousands of spectators disagreed, shrieking “Vive l’Amerique” from sidewalks and balconies. Photograph by the U.S. Army.

Black and white photograph of Hill 609 in Tunisia, c.1943.

Hill 609 in Tunisia

Hill 609 in Tunisia as soldiers from the Thirty-fourth saw it from the west. Photograph is from the Rick Atkinson Collection.

Black and white photograph of the Thirty-fourth Infantry Division arriving in Belfast, Northern Ireland, 1942.

The Thirty-fourth Infantry Division arriving in Belfast, Northern Ireland

The first contingent of Thirty-fourth Infantry Division personnel arriving in Belfast, Northern Ireland, on January 25, 1942. Milburn Henke of Hutchinson, Minnesota, was first off the boat. British papers called him the first Yank to land in Europe. Photograph by the U.S. Army.

Black and white photograph of the H.M.T. Strathaird, c.1942.

H.M.T. Strathaird

H.M.T. Strathaird, c.1942. The Strathaird transported the initial elements of the Thirty-fourth Division to Northern Ireland in January 1942. The Thirty-fourth was the first US army division to be sent to the European Theater. Photograph by Oliver Stivers of the 151st Field Artillery.

Black and white photograph of Thirty-fourth soldiers at Camp Cody, New Mexico, form an “animated” image of their shoulder insignia, just prior to their departure from camp, August 18, 1918.

Soldiers at Camp Cody creating animated “Red Bull” Insignia

Thirty-fourth soldiers at Camp Cody, New Mexico, form an “animated” image of their shoulder insignia, just prior to their departure from camp, August 18, 1918. Photograph by Almeron Newman.

Black and white photograph of Camp Cody, Deming, New Mexico, 1917.

Camp Cody, Deming, New Mexico

Camp Cody, Deming, New Mexico, 1917. Home to the Thirty-fourth Division from August 1917 to August 1918. Image provided by the Minnesota Military Museum.

Color image of a Red Bull Shoulder Patch.

Red Bull Shoulder Patch

A red steer skull on a black Mexican water jar (“olla"), created in 1917 while the new division trained at Camp Cody, NM, not far from the Mexican border. During World War II, German soldiers in Italy referred to the Americans who wore the patch as "Red Devils" or "Red Bulls." The latter name stuck, and the division adopted it officially, replacing its World War I nickname of "Sandstorm Division."

Thirty-fourth “Red Bull” Infantry Division

The Thirty-fourth “Red Bull” Infantry Division is a U.S. Army National Guard division based in Minnesota. It had more days in combat during World War II than any other American division. Since September 11, 2001, “Red Bulls” have deployed where needed in the world, including Afghanistan and Iraq.

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